Dyslexia

Menstuff® has compiled the following information on Dyslexia.

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What's It Like Being Dyslexic?

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"Don't Call Me Stupid" with Kara Tointon
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What is Dyslexia


Dyslexia is a very broad term defining a learning disability that impairs a person's fluency or comprehension accuracy in being able to read, and which can manifest itself as a difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, processing speed, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, language skills/verbal comprehension, and/or rapid naming.

Dyslexia is distinct from reading difficulties resulting from other causes, such as a non-neurological deficiency with vision or hearing, or from poor or inadequate reading instruction. It is believed that dyslexia can affect between 5 and 10 percent of a given population although there have been no studies to indicate an accurate percentage.

There are three proposed cognitive subtypes of dyslexia (auditory, visual and attentional), although individual cases of dyslexia are better explained by specific underlying neuropsychological deficits and co-occurring learning disabilities (e.g. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, math disability, etc.). Reading disability, or dyslexia, is the most common learning disability. Although it is considered to be a receptive language-based learning disability in the research literature, dyslexia also affects one's expressive language skills,. Researchers at MIT found that people with dyslexia exhibited impaired voice-recognition abilities

Adult dyslexics can read with good comprehension, but they tend to read more slowly than non-dyslexics and perform more poorly at spelling and nonsense word reading, a measure of phonological awareness. Dyslexia and IQ are not interrelated as a result of cognition developing independently.

Management

There is no cure for dyslexia, but dyslexic individuals can learn to read and write with educational support. There are techniques and technical aids that can manage or even conceal symptoms of the disorder. Removing stress and anxiety alone can improve written comprehension.

For dyslexia intervention with alphabet writing systems the fundamental aim is to increase a child's awareness of correspondences between graphemes and phonemes, and to relate these to reading and spelling. It has been found that training focused towards visual language and orthographic issues yields longer-lasting gains than mere oral phonological training.

There is some evidence that the use of specially tailored fonts may provide some measure of assistance for those suffering from dyslexia. Intervention early on while language areas in the brain are still developing is most successful in reducing long-term impacts of dyslexia.

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dyslexia

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I'm dyslexic. I'm in good company with Hans Christian Andersen Harry Anderson Abhishek Bachchan Ann Bancroft Albert Einstein Harry Belafonte Alexander Graham Bell Orlando Bloom David Boies Lara Flynn Boyle Richard Branson George Burns Neil Bush Stephen J. Cannell Gaston Caperton Cher Richard Chamberlain Agatha Christie Winston Churchill John Corcoran Tom Cruise Leonardo Da Vinci Walt Disney Dr. Red Duke Thomas Edison Gustave Flaubert Danny Glover Tracey Gold Whoopi Goldberg Edward Hallowell Susan Hampshire Salma Hayek John Horner William James Bruce Jenner Magic Johnson Thomas H. Kean Keira Knightley Sylvia Law Jay Leno Greg Louganis Gavin Newsom Edward James Olmos George Patton Patricia Polacco Robert Rauschenberg Nelson Rockefeller Lee Ryan Nolan Ryan Charles Schwab Tom Smothers Steven Spielberg Jackie Stewart Richard Strauss Bella Thorne Regine Velasquez Victor Villasenor Lindsay Wagner Florence Welch Russell White Woodrow Wilson Henry Winkler Eric Wynalda William B. Yeats, to name a few of the 10% of the population who is, as well.



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