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Terriorist: Definition by the FBI and the current
administration: "Anyone who publically opposes any policy by the
Free-Speech Zone: The administration quarantines dissent
The Justice Department doesn't seem to know when to stop
Free Speech Zone Poster
Keeping America a Free Speech Zone or what to do when George Bush comes to town. A primer on working with police when protesting the president
Bush Makes Protesters 'Disappear'
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Free-Speech Zone: The
administration quarantines dissent
When Bush travels around the United States, the Secret Service visits the location ahead of time and orders local police to set up free speech zones or protest zones where people opposed to Bush policies (and sometimes sign-carrying supporters) are quarantined. These zones routinely succeed in keeping protesters out of presidential sight and outside the view of media covering the event.
When Bush came to the Pittsburgh area on Labor Day 2002, 65-year-old retired steel worker Bill Neel was there to greet him with a sign proclaiming, The Bush family must surely love the poor, they made so many of us. The local police, at the Secret Services behest, set up a designated free-speech zone on a baseball field surrounded by a chain-link fence a third of a mile from the location of Bushs speech. The police cleared the path of the motorcade of all critical signs, though folks with pro-Bush signs were permitted to line the presidents path. Neel refused to go to the designated area and was arrested for disorderly conduct; the police also confiscated his sign. Neel later commented, As far as Im concerned, the whole country is a free speech zone. If the Bush administration has its way, anyone who criticizes them will be out of sight and out of mind.
At Neels trial, police detective John Ianachione testified that the Secret Service told local police to confine people that were there making a statement pretty much against the president and his views in a so-called free speech area. Paul Wolf, one of the top officials in the Allegheny County Police Department, told Salon that the Secret Service come in and do a site survey, and say, Heres a place where the people can be, and wed like to have any protesters put in a place that is able to be secured. Pennsylvania district judge Shirley Rowe Trkula threw out the disorderly conduct charge against Neel, declaring, I believe this is America. Whatever happened to I dont agree with you, but Ill defend to the death your right to say it?
Similar suppressions have occurred during Bush visits to Florida. A recent St. Petersburg Times editorial noted, At a Bush rally at Legends Field in 2001, three demonstratorstwo of whom were grandmotherswere arrested for holding up small handwritten protest signs outside the designated zone. And last year, seven protesters were arrested when Bush came to a rally at the USF Sun Dome. They had refused to be cordoned off into a protest zone hundreds of yards from the entrance to the Dome. One of the arrested protesters was a 62-year-old man holding up a sign, War is good business. Invest your sons. The seven were charged with trespassing, obstructing without violence and disorderly conduct.
Police have repressed protesters during several Bush visits to the St. Louis area as well. When Bush visited on Jan. 22, 2003, 150 people carrying signs were shunted far away from the main action and effectively quarantined. Denise Lieberman of the ACLU of Eastern Missouri commented, No one could see them from the street. In addition, the media were not allowed to talk to them. The police would not allow any media inside the protest area and wouldnt allow any of the protesters out of the protest zone to talk to the media. When Bush stopped by a Boeing plant to talk to workers, Christine Mains and her five-year-old daughter disobeyed orders to move to a small protest area far from the action. Police arrested Mains and took her and her crying daughter away in separate squad cars.
The Justice Department is now prosecuting Brett Bursey, who was arrested for holding a No War for Oil sign at a Bush visit to Columbia, S.C. Local police, acting under Secret Service orders, established a free speech zone half a mile from where Bush would speak. Bursey was standing amid hundreds of people carrying signs praising the president. Police told Bursey to remove himself to the free speech zone.
Bursey refused and was arrested. Bursey said that he asked the policeman if it was the content of my sign, and he said, Yes, sir, its the content of your sign thats the problem. Bursey stated that he had already moved 200 yards from where Bush was supposed to speak. Bursey later complained, The problem was, the restricted area kept moving. It was wherever I happened to be standing.
Bursey was charged with trespassing. Five months later, the charge was dropped because South Carolina law prohibits arresting people for trespassing on public property. But the Justice Departmentin the person of U.S. Attorney Strom Thurmond Jr.quickly jumped in, charging Bursey with violating a rarely enforced federal law regarding entering a restricted area around the President of the United States. If convicted, Bursey faces a six-month trip up the river and a $5000 fine. Federal magistrate Bristow Marchant denied Burseys request for a jury trial because his violation is categorized as a petty offense. Some observers believe that the feds are seeking to set a precedent in a conservative state such as South Carolina that could then be used against protesters nationwide.
Burseys trial took place on Nov. 12 and 13. His lawyers sought the Secret Service documents they believed would lay out the official policies on restricting critical speech at presidential visits. The Bush administration sought to block all access to the documents, but Marchant ruled that the lawyers could have limited access. Bursey sought to subpoena John Ashcroft and Karl Rove to testify. Bursey lawyer Lewis Pitts declared, We intend to find out from Mr. Ashcroft why and how the decision to prosecute Mr. Bursey was reached. The magistrate refused, however, to enforce the subpoenas. Secret Service agent Holly Abel testified at the trial that Bursey was told to move to the free speech zone but refused to co-operate. Magistrate Marchant is expected to issue his decision in December.
The feds have offered some bizarre rationales for hog-tying protesters. Secret Service agent Brian Marr explained to National Public Radio, These individuals may be so involved with trying to shout their support or non-support that inadvertently they may walk out into the motorcade route and be injured. And that is really the reason why we set these places up, so we can make sure that they have the right of free speech, but, two, we want to be sure that they are able to go home at the end of the evening and not be injured in any way. Except for having their constitutional rights shredded.
Marrs comments are a mockery of this countrys rich heritage of vigorous protests. Somehow, all of a sudden, after George W. Bush became president people became so stupid that federal agents had to cage them to prevent them from walking out in front of speeding vehicles.
The ACLU, along with several other organizations, is suing the Secret Service for what it charges is a pattern-and-practice of suppressing protesters at Bush events in Arizona, California, Connecticut, Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, Texas, and elsewhere. The ACLUs Witold Walczak said of the protesters, The individuals we are talking about didnt pose a security threat; they posed a political threat.
The Secret Service is duty-bound to protect the president. But it is ludicrous to presume that would-be terrorists are lunkheaded enough to carry anti-Bush signs when carrying pro-Bush signs would give them much closer access. And even a policy of removing all people carrying signsas has happened in some demonstrationsis pointless, since potential attackers would simply avoid carrying signs. Presuming that terrorists are as unimaginative and predictable as the average federal bureaucrat is not a recipe for presidential longevity.
The Bush administrations anti-protester bias proved embarrassing for two American allies with long traditions of raucous free speech, resulting in some of the most repressive restrictions in memory in free countries. When Bush visited Australia in October, Sydney Morning Herald columnist Mark Riley observed, The basic right of freedom of speech will adopt a new interpretation during the Canberra visits this week by the US President, George Bush, and his Chinese counterpart, Hu Jintao. Protesters will be free to speak as much as they like just as long as they cant be heard. Demonstrators were shunted to an area away from the Federal Parliament building and prohibited from using any public address system in the area.
For Bushs recent visit to London, the White House demanded that British police ban all protest marches, close down the center of the city, and impose a virtual three day shutdown of central London in a bid to foil disruption of the visit by anti-war protesters, according to Britains Evening Standard. But instead of a free speech zoneas such areas are labeled in the U.S.the Bush administration demanded an exclusion zone to protect Bush from protesters messages.
Such unprecedented restrictions did not inhibit Bush from portraying himself as a champion of freedom during his visit. In a speech at Whitehall on Nov. 19, Bush hyped the forward strategy of freedom and declared, We seek the advance of freedom and the peace that freedom brings. Regarding the protesters, Bush sought to turn the issue into a joke: Ive been here only a short time, but Ive noticed that the tradition of free speechexercised with enthusiasmis alive and well here in London. We have that at home, too. They now have that right in Baghdad, as well.
Attempts to suppress protesters become more disturbing in light of the Homeland Security Departments recommendation that local police departments view critics of the war on terrorism as potential terrorists. In a May 2003 terrorist advisory, the Homeland Security Department warned local law enforcement agencies to keep an eye on anyone who expressed dislike of attitudes and decisions of the U.S. government. If police vigorously followed this advice, millions of Americans could be added to the official lists of suspected terrorists.
Protesters have claimed that police have assaulted them during demonstrations in New York, Washington, and elsewhere. Film footage of a February New York antiwar rally showed what looked like a policeman on horseback charging into peaceful aged Leftists. The neoconservative New York Sun suggested in February 2003 that the New York Police Department send two witnesses along for each participant [in an antiwar demonstration], with an eye toward preserving at least the possibility of an eventual treason prosecution since all the demonstrators were guilty of giving, at the very least, comfort to Saddam Hussein.
One of the most violent government responses to an antiwar protest occurred when local police and the federally funded California Anti-Terrorism Task Force fired rubber bullets and tear gas at peaceful protesters and innocent bystanders at the port of Oakland, injuring a number of people. When the police attack sparked a geyser of media criticism, Mike van Winkle, the spokesman for the California Anti-Terrorism Information Center told the Oakland Tribune, You can make an easy kind of a link that, if you have a protest group protesting a war where the cause thats being fought against is international terrorism, you might have terrorism at that protest. You can almost argue that a protest against that is a terrorist act. Van Winkle justified classifying protesters like terrorists: Ive heard terrorism described as anything that is violent or has an economic impact, and shutting down a port certainly would have some economic impact. Terrorism isnt just bombs going off and killing people.
Such aggressive tactics become more ominous in the light of the Bush administrations advocacy, in its Patriot II draft legislation, of nullifying all judicial consent decrees restricting state and local police from spying on those groups who may oppose government policies.
On May 30, 2002, Ashcroft effectively abolished restrictions on FBI surveillance of Americans everyday lives first imposed in 1976. One FBI internal newsletter encouraged FBI agents to conduct more interviews with antiwar activists for plenty of reasons, chief of which it will enhance the paranoia endemic in such circles and will further service to get the point across that there is an FBI agent behind every mailbox. The FBI took a shotgun approach towards protesters partly because of the FBIs belief that dissident speech and association should be prevented because they were incipient steps towards the possible ultimate commission of act which might be criminal, according to a Senate report.
On Nov. 23 news broke that the FBI is now actively conducting surveillance of antiwar demonstratorssupposedly to blunt potential violence by extremist elements, according to a Reuters interview with a federal law enforcement official. Given the FBIs expansive defintion of potential violence in the past, this is a net that could catch almost any group or individual who falls into official disfavor.
The FBI is also urging local police to report suspicious activity by protesters to the Joint Terrorism Task Force, which is run by the FBI. If local police take the hint and start pouring in the dirt, the JTTF could soon be building a Total Information Awareness-lite database on those antiwar groups and activists.
If the FBI publicly admits that it is surveilling antiwar groups and urging local police to send in information on protestors, how far might the feds go? It took over a decade after the first big antiwar protests in the 1960s before the American people learned the extent of FBI efforts to suppress and subvert public opposition to the Vietnam War. Is the FBI now considering a similar order to field offices as the one it sent in 1968, telling them to gather information illustrating the scurrilous and depraved nature of many of the characters, activities habits, and living conditions representative of New Left adherentsbut this time focused on those who oppose Bushs Brave New World?
Is the administration seeking to stifle domestic criticism?
Absolutely. Is it carrying out a war on dissent? Probably
notyet. But the trend lines in federal attacks on freedom of
speech should raise grave concerns to anyone worried about the First
Amendment or about how a future liberal Democratic president such as
Hillary Clinton might exploit the precedents that Bush is
Source: James Bovard is the author of Terrorism & Tyranny: Trampling Freedom, Justice, and Peace to Rid the World of Evil, The American Conservative, 12/15/03 www.amconmag.com/12_15_03/feature.html
The Justice Department doesn't seem to know when to stop
This was not a new experience for him. Thirty-three years earlier, at almost the same spot, Mr Bursey was tossed in the paddy wagon for holding a sign that criticised another war (Vietnam) while waiting for another Republican president (Richard Nixon) to show up.
Congressman Barney Frank's website posts the letter from members of Congress to John Ashcroft in support of Brett Bursey.
The 1969 case against Mr Bursey was dropped when the South Carolina Supreme Court ruled that anti-war demonstrators could not be charged with trespassing if they were on public property. Shortly after his most recent arrest, the trespassing charge against Mr Bursey was also dropped. But in March the local US attorney, Strom Thurmond junior, suddenly brought federal charges against Mr Bursey under a little-known law that allows the Secret Service to restrict access to areas the president is visiting.
Mr Bursey's trial will take place in the new courthouse in Columbia, named after the now 100-year-old Strom Thurmond senior (who, as it happens, helped his son get his current job). If convicted, Mr Bursey, who is 54, faces six months in jail and a $5,000 fine. Yet a growing number of liberal sorts seem to think that the real issue is the intolerance of John Ashcroft's Justice Departmentand, in particular, its intention to start using the rare Secret Service law to get rid of protesters.
Last month, 11 members of Congress, including one Republican and several members of the House Judiciary and Homeland Security committees, sent a letter to Mr Ashcroft urging him to drop charges against Mr Bursey. They insisted that no plausible argument can be made that Mr Bursey was threatening the president by holding a sign which the president found politically offensive.
Indeed, it is extremely hard to see why Mr Thurmond has picked on Mr Bursey out of all the people in the Secret Service zone. None of the other protesters with him was arrested. Neither were any of the several hundred supporters of the president who were holding equally dangerous (but pro-Bush) signs as they stood near the hangar where the president was to speak.
The prosecutors say that Mr Bursey was not in a special free-speech zone that was set up for protesters half a mile from the hangar. The pro-Bush people did not need to be there because they were not protesting. Mr Bursey told the cops, defiantly, that he was under the impression that the whole of America was a free-speech zone.
Bill Nettles, Mr Bursey's lawyer, claims that the case is being driven not by the young Mr Thurmond but by higher-ups in Washington, who want a new way to stifle dissent. This is the type of small-brained decision that could only have been made by bureaucrats inside the Beltway, says the lanky Mr Nettles. Mr Thurmond's office declines to discuss the case. A spokesman says the office is aware of the letter from the 11 congressmen, but unless we get a directive from Attorney-General Ashcroft's office [telling us to drop or settle the case], we shall proceed.
Mr Bursey's supporters note that Mr Ashcroft's men have decided to test their anti-protester law in a conservative stronghold, where the armed forces tend to be viewed more generously than elderly hippies and where the case will be heard by a judge without a jury. It is easy to see how Mr Ashcroft might not warm to Mr Bursey, who heads a progressive network of liberal organisations, used to edit an alternative newspaper, and has organised protests against, among other things, American war policy, nuclear power, racism and the Confederate flag.
In his various causes, both noble and foolish, Mr Bursey has been
arrested dozens of times. Three decades ago he spent nearly two years
in prison for spraying anti-war slogans on government property during
the Vietnam war. Whether he deserves to go to prison next week for
waving a sign is another matter entirely.
As president, Bush has widened his restrictions on demonstrations against his policies. Anti-Bush protesters are now relegated to what are euphemistically called Free Speech Zones. These areas are cordoned off as far as a mile away from the president and the main thoroughfares, so that Bush cannot see the demonstrators, or their signs of protest, nor hear their chants.
The free speech enclosures are only for those who disagree with the administration's current policies. Those citizens who carry pro-Bush signs are allowed to line the street where the president's motorcade passes.
Free speech zone
Members of the Secret Service or local law enforcement officers under orders of the Secret Service demand protesters move into a free speech area.
Peter Buckley, of Oregon, a former Democratic candidate for Congress, attended a presidential appearance. After being herded into a fenced-in free speech area, he wrote in an opinion piece for the Oregonian: "We were not allowed anywhere near any kind of position where the president, or the media which follows him, would see or hear us. This is not America. This in not the land of the free and the home of the brave. This is some other country. I'm a patriotic American. I want the country I was raised to believe in, a country strong enough for political discourse and debate, with leaders courageous and decent enough to have the willingness to listen to all citizens, not just those who parrot their own views. ... The effort being made to hide political opposition in this country is more than cowardly, it's un-American."
Brett Bursey, of South Carolina, attended a speech given by the president at the Columbia Metropolitan Airport. He was standing among thousands of other citizens. Bursey held up a sign stating: "No more war for oil."
Bursey did not pose a threat to the president, nor was he located in an area restricted to official personnel. Bursey wasn't blocking a corridor that the Secret Service needed to keep clear for security reasons. He was standing among citizens who were enthusiastically greeting Bush. Bursey, however, was the only one holding an anti-Bush sign.
He was ordered to put down his sign or move to a designated protest site more than half a mile away, outside the sight and hearing of the president. Bursey refused. He was then arrested and charged with trespassing by the South Carolina police.
However, those charges were dropped. Understandably, courts across the nation have upheld the right to protest on public property.
Instead, Bursey was indicted by the federal government for violation of a federal law that allows the Secret Service to restrict access to areas visited by the president. Bursey faces up to six months in prison and a $5,000 fine.
Free speech plea
Members of the U.S. House, including those on the House Judiciary Committee and the House Select Committee on Homeland Security, sent a letter to U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft urging him to drop the federal criminal prosecution of Bursey.
The letter signed by 11 members of the House, including Rep. Barney Frank, D-Mass., and Rep. Ron Paul, R-Texas, states, in part: "As we read the First Amendment to the Constitution, the United States is a "free speech zone." In the United States, free speech is the rule, not the exception, and citizens' rights to express it do not depend on their doing it in a way that the president finds politically amenable."
The American Civil Liberties Union, on behalf of four national advocacy groups, has filed a lawsuit in federal court charging the Secret Service with a "pattern and practice" of discrimination against protesters that violates their free speech rights. The suit seeks to ban the Secret Service and local police from confining protesters to areas away from the view of public officials and the press.
The pattern is clear: the Bush administration wants to suppress
civil disobedience and peaceful protest. The federal government has
never criminally prosecuted an entire organization for the free
speech activities of its supporters. It's an attack on the very core
of the First Amendment.
Source: Charles Levendosky, editorial page editor of the Casper (Wyo.) Star-Tribune, has a national reputation for Bill of Rights commentary. His e-mail address is email@example.com
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What happened to "I dont agree with you, but Ill defend to the death your right to say it?