Human Trafficking

Menstuff® has information on Human Trafficking. Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery -- a multi-billion dollar criminal industry that denies freedom to 20.9 million people around the world. And no matter where you live, chances are it's happening nearby. From the girl forced into prostitution at a truck stop, to the man discovered in a restaurant kitchen, stripped of his passport and held against his will. All trafficking victims share one essential experience: the loss of freedom. One of three missing teens who ends up on the streets will be lured or forced into prostitution within 48 hours, according to national estimates.

The World Congress Conference
The Facts
The 7 Worst States in the Fight Against Human Trafficking - 2013 Edition
Human trafficking industry thrives in Portland metro area
Sex Offenderrs Registry (By state)
State Comparisons
Sex Trafficking in Portland
Redemption Ridge
Human Trafficking Video Series
Websites, Books, Supplementa Books, Documentaries
National Human Trafficking hotline:

The World Congress Conference

It is a great pleasure to invite you to the World Congress on human trafficking and forced labour 2012. The theme of this conference is: Combating Human And Sex Trafficking Worldwide. This topic not only invites us to reflect upon the basic and classical criminological ideas from a contemporary perspective, but also proposes to discuss their current transformation, modification, and new developments.

The world congress on human trafficking and forced labour is scheduled to take place from Monday 27 February to Thursday 1st march 2012 at Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in New York City and 5th to 8th march 2012 at Firenze Conference Center Vicenza Italy. The congress is hosted by the Campaign against Sex Trafficking and sponsored by other benevolent donors worldwide

Objectives of the world congress on human trafficking and forced labour objectives are:

1. To Increase awareness about the many types and ramifications of Human Trafficking
2. To serve as a resource to the public and advocates by providing valuable information about other initiatives working to address human Trafficking sex trafficking
3. To provide rehabilitation services to current and potential victims.
4. To encourage policy at local and national levels that will contribute to reducing human trafficking and abuse.
5. To provide insight in the activities in the field of science and policy interface;
6. To build a platform of knowledge at an international level;

For more information please contact the conference organizing committee via E-mail


The Facts

Although slavery is commonly thought to be a thing of the past, human traffickers generate hundreds of billions of dollars in profits by trapping millions of people in horrific situations around the world, including here in the U.S. Traffickers use violence, threats, deception, debt bondage, and other manipulative tactics to force people to engage in commercial sex or to provide labor or services against their will. While more research is needed on the scope of human trafficking, below are a few key statistics:

  • The International Labour Organization estimates that there are 20.9 million victims of human trafficking globally. ?68% of them are trapped in forced labor.
    • 26% of them are children.
      55% are women and girls.
  • The International Labor Organization estimates that forced labor and human trafficking is a $150 billion industry worldwide.
  • The U.S. Department of Labor has identified 136 goods from 74 countries made by forced and child labor.
  • In 2014, an estimated 1 out of 6 endangered runaways reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children were likely child sex trafficking victims. ?Of those, 68% were in the care of social services or foster care when they ran.
  • There is no official estimate of the total number of human trafficking victims in the U.S. Polaris estimates that the total number of victims nationally reaches into the hundreds of thousands when estimates of both adults and minors and sex trafficking and labor trafficking are aggregated.

Statistics from the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) hotline and Polaris BeFree Textline

  • More than 21,000 total cases of human trafficking have been reported to the NHTRC hotline in the last eight years.
  • The NHTRC hotline annually receives multiple reports of human trafficking cases in each of the 50 states and D.C. Read more NHTRC hotline statistics here.
  • The number of human trafficking cases that Polaris learns about in the U.S. increases every year. Review our 2014 statistics fact sheet here.
  • 23% of texting conversations on the Polaris BeFree Textline were from survivors of human trafficking compared to 11% of phone calls on the NHTRC hotline. Read Polaris BeFree Textline statistics here.
  • The NHTRC hotline receives an average of 100 calls per day. Read stories of survivors who called the hotline for help.


The 7 Worst States in the Fight Against Human Trafficking - 2013 Edition

Human trafficking tends to make Americans think of far-flung, developing countries. Unfortunately, children, women, and men are taken and forced into work against their will, all the time, right here.

The number of people trafficked in the United States is difficult to estimate, but the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children says that there are approximately 100,000 children in the U.S. forced into sex trafficking every year. And many more thousands of adults are enslaved, as well.

A leading organization in the fight against modern slavery, Polaris Project has just released its 2013 ratings of the 50 U.S. states in terms of their preventative and punitive legislation against human trafficking.

Their scorecard is meant to be a catalyst for change, and it is. Polaris has helped pass 40 new laws in more than half the states in the U.S. Three of the worst states from last year—Arkansas, Montana, and Wyoming—greatly improved their scores this year. Senior policy counsel for Polaris, James Dold, says, “As a matter of fact, Arkansas was the most improved, followed by Wyoming. And those are states where Polaris Project worked quite closely with the Attorney General’s office, with legislators, and so we saw a tremendous amount of improvement to the legal infrastructure in those states, which is really cool.”

So, which states are at the back of the pack this year? Click through to see if your state is one that needs to make some big changes.

How does that level of sex trafficking compare among cities?

No one knows.

There is no reliable ranking of cities in terms of child sex trafficking or, using the statistic Moore cited, the number of children recovered from sex trafficking.

That’s according to the Polaris Project, which runs the National Human Resource Center Trafficking Hotline for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; and David Finkelhor, director of the Crimes Against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire.

"We have not heard of any systematic effort to count these cases and much of the effort to track this down has turned to dead ends," Finkelhor told us.

Finkelhor noted that, even if there were more police contacts in Milwaukee than in other cities regarding child sex trafficking, it could mean the problem is worse in Milwaukee -- or it could simply mean that Milwaukee police are more proactive.

As for the children being recovered from sex trafficking, it’s "very misleading," Finkelhour told us.

"Police do a variety of things when they encounter youth engaged in selling sex -- from arresting them, to making referrals to agencies, to bringing them back to their families -- but most of the professionals in the field agree that large numbers of youth return to the streets or to commercial sex activity," Finkelhor said. "The whole narrative on this topic is filled with problems."

Sex Trafficking in Portland

Portland, a hub for sex trafficking, is often cited as the city with the highest rate of juvenile sex trafficking in the country. This high rate of child sexual exploitation is due to several reasons:

  • Location: As a major city on the I-5 corridor that links Seattle to Southern California as well as Canada to Mexico, Portland often serves as a pit stop for traffickers. The access of transportation through an international airport also enhances Portland's high rates.
  • Demographics: The high number of homeless youth on Portland streets arguably leads to a higher rate of juvenile sex trafficking. Because homeless teens often experience increased vulnerabilities, both physical and psychological, traffickers are more able to manipulate and coerce this population. According to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, 1 in 6 runaways in 2014 were victims of sexual exploitation.
  • Culture: Portland has the highest number of strip clubs per capita out of any city in America. While not all strip clubs perpetuate sex trafficking, some do act as fronts for this illegal activity. Moreover, this acceptance of a culture that so often infringes on exploitation can lead to a denial of the depths of the problem at hand.

If you are interested in the process of manipulation, listen to Sara Hunt. As a PSU student and employee at Lloyd Center Mall, Hunt never thought she would be trafficked, but now reflects on her experience on OPB.



Shared Hope International

Beauty from Ashes


Polaris Project

Exodus Cry

International Justice Mission

Salvation Army

Abolition International

The Epik Project

Northwest Coalition Against Trafficking

Let’s Respond

Courage Worldwide

Rebecca Binder Ministries



Somebody’s Daughter by Julian Sher

Girls Like Us byRachel Lloyd

God in a Brothel by Daniel Walker

A Crime So Monstrous: Modern Day Slavery by Face to Face by Benjamin E. Skinner

Renting Lacy by Linda Smith

Sold by Patricia McCormick

The Slave Next Door by Theresa Flores

The Good News About Injustice by Gary Haugen

Porn Nation by Michael Leahy

The Delicate Power of Modesty by Dannah Gresh


Supplemental Books

Radical by David Platt

Generous Justice by Timothy Keller

In Our Backyard by Nita Belles



Portland, Oregon’s epidemic on forced prostitution.

Nefarious Exodus Cry
International look at the trafficking epidemic–focuses on 4 countries including the US.

Sex and Money
Domestic minor sex trafficking and the modern-day abolitionist movement fighting to stop it.

Very Young Girls
An exposé of the commercial sexual exploitation of girls in New York City.

Call + Response
An undercover look into child brothels worldwide.

Calcutta Hilton
ells the story of an inspirational business giving women of Calcutta the opportunity to leave the sex trade.

Born Into Brothels
2004 American documentary film about the children of prostitutes in Songachi, Kolkatas’s red light district.

Human Trafficking Video Series

The Office for Victims of Crime, within the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs, developed a video series to help raise awareness of human trafficking among social, legal, and health-care service providers; law enforcement; related professionals; and other community members. The nine-part series includes information about sex and labor trafficking, multidisciplinary approaches to serving victims of human trafficking, effective victim services, victims' legal needs, and voices of survivors. Spanish subtitles are available for each video, and each also is accompanied by a discussion guide highlighting key points, providing discussion questions, and offering suggested supplemental training materials.

Also available are four posters targeting specific audiences and four factsheets providing an introduction to human trafficking, information on the legal needs and rights of victims of trafficking in the United States, information on special considerations and needs of youth victims, and promising practices for building effective collaborations to address human trafficking.

To access the video series, factsheets, posters, and more, visit the Office for Victims of Crime website at


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