Preventive Measures

Menstuff® has compiled the following preventive measures against prostate cancer.

Most men take preventive measures against prostate cancer

Study finds that the majority of men questioned use conventional or self-care methods designed to protect them from developing prostate cancer.

"This paper reports on behaviors men use to protect themselves against prostate cancer. Data were collected via a telephone or mailed survey from 353 men enrolled in two studies of prostate cancer screening," scientists writing in the journal Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention report.

"Respondents reported behaviors they used to protect themselves against prostate cancer, and responses were coded as conventional care, self-care, or nothing," wrote E.J.S. Kunkel and colleagues, Thomas Jefferson University, Department Psychiatry & Human Behavior.

"Men who reported using both conventional care and self-care were categorized as conventional care users. Polytomous logistic regression was conducted to evaluate the association between sociodemographic background, prior prostate screening, and cognitive, affective, and social support and influence factors with protective behavior type," the researchers stated.

"The distribution of protective behaviors was as follows: conventional care, 63%; self-care only, 19%; and nothing, 18%. In multivariable analyses, higher education level was found to be positively associated with conventional care use," the researchers stated.

"Perceived salience and coherence of prostate cancer screening was positively associated with conventional care use among men in one of the two studies. Low concern about screening was positively associated with self-care use, as was mailed survey completion," the researchers wrote.

"This study presents self-report data regarding prostate cancer protection behaviors. Most men in the study reported using some type of prostate cancer protective behavior. Decision-making about whether or not to take protective action and what type of behavior to use may be influenced by socioeconomic background, cognitive perceptions related to behavioral options, and concern about risk," the researchers concluded.

Source: Kunkel and colleagues published their study in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention (Behaviors used by men to protect themselves against prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 2004;13(1):78-86).

Additional information can be obtained by contacting E.J.S. Kunkel, Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Psychiatry & Human Behavior, 1020 Sansom St., Thompson Bldg., Suite 1652, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

The publisher of the journal Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention can be contacted at: The American Association Cancer Research, 615 Chestnut St., 17TH Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19106-4404, USA. The information in this article comes under the major subject areas of Urology and Oncology. This article was prepared by Biotech Week editors from staff and other reports.

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