STI Basics

Menstuff® has compiled the following information on Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Previsiously termed Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Related Issues: Condoms, STIs, Responsible Sex Conversation (Before your first time petting or having sex)

Love isn't always "a many splendored thing"


Sexually transmitted infections (known as STIs for short) have been around in one form or another for thousands of years. As the name implies, these infections are most commonly spread through sexual contact, though infected women can pass them on to their babies during pregnancy or the birthing process.

Most STIs can be cured if caught in the early stages. However, almost all of them can have serious or even fatal consequences if left untreated.

What You Can Get if Your Partner is Infected

Known Risks
Possible Risks
Unknown

Performing oral sex on a man

Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis A*
Herpes (RARE)
HPV (warts)
Shigella*
Syphilis

Hepatitis B
HIV**

Hepatitis C

Performing oral sex on a woman

Herpes (RARE)

none

HPV (warts)

Receiving oral sex - man

Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
NGU
Herpes
Syphilis

none

HPV (warts)

Receiving oral sex - woman

Herpes

none

HPV (warts)

Anal sex - top

Chlamydia
Crabs/Scabies
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis B
Herpes
HIV
HPV (warts)
NGU
Syphilis

none

Hepatitis C

Anal sex - bottom

Chlamydia
Crabs/Scabies
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis B
Herpes
HIV ***
HPV (warts)
Syphilis

none

Hepatitis C

Vaginal sex - man

Chlamydia
Crabs/Scabies
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis B
Herpes
HIV
HPV (warts)
NGU
Syphilis
Trichomoniasis

none

Hepatitis C

Vaginal sex - woman

Chlamydia
Crabs/Scabies
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis B
Herpes
HIV
HPV (warts)
Syphilis
Trichomoniasis

none

Hepatitis C

Oral-anal Sex

Amebiasis Cryptosporidium
Giardia
Hepatitis A
Shigella

none

HPV (warts)

* You could be at risk if the receiver has just topped someone else
** Very low risk.
*** Unprotected anal sex is a very high risk activity for a bottom, much more so than for a top. The risk of HIV transmission to a bottom during unprotected anal sex is 15 in 1,000 versus 3 in 10,000 from a bottom to a top.

Kissing, mutual masturbation, and frottage or dry humping are considered safer sex activities, with little to no risk of STI transmission.

Using latex condoms (male or female) significantly reduces the risk of contracting STIs during anal, vaginal and oral sex.

Washing hands and the genital area thoroughly before and after oral-anal sex reduces the risk of transmission of most of the listed STIs and conditions. Condom use reduces transmission risk even further.

Source: www.dph.sf.ca.us/sfcityclinic/stdbasics/stdchart.asp

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