Menstuff® has compiled information and books on Gay, Bi, and Transgender issues. This section is Robert N. Minor's weekly column featured daily on our homepage. Robert is the author of Scared Straight: Why It's So Hard to Accept Gay People and Why It's So Hard to Be Human and Gay & Healthy in a Sick Society and Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. He may be reached through www.fairnessproject.org or at E-Mail.
The Right-Wing Knows What Liberal
Guilt Betrays: Look Sincere or Lose
And its a discussion tied to privilege. The meanness of the Trump cult and the Republican politicians who cant quit the guy demeans, damages, and destroys those without the privilege of the civil talking people, and the open, disgusting talk and actions of those right-wingers who prefer to win economically and socially means nothing is off their table.
From the top down, racism, sexism, heterosexism, classism, able-bodyism are public. From tee shirts to TV, its all there in the open, displayed shamelessly as if proud of ones bigotry and meanness.
Certainly, Id rather have nice. Id pick nice people as friends any day.
But media and popular expectations, sadly, have changed. The right wing itself has seen to that.
The words civility and nice have to be redefined. Theyre not the same as being fair, after all.
Well-known author M. Scott Peck, in A World Waiting to be Born: Civility Rediscovered wrote that he began to arrive at a better definition of civility when he discovered a profound quotation from Americas Oscar Wilde: Oliver Herford.
A gentleman, Herford wrote, is one who never hurts anyones feelings unintentionally.
Civility, Peck suspected, has much more to do with conscious intention awareness - than with not hurting feelings. In fact, on occasion, it might actually be civil to hurt someones feelings as long as you know what youre dong.
Right wing people speak as the convinced. They argue as if they have no doubt at all. No hemming and hawing, no subtleties.
They get their talking-points from the gangs in Virginia Beach, Lynchburg, and D.C. Theyre trained in soundbites much right-wing religious talk really is jargon and soundbites. Notice how they always come back to the same, often coded, wording that the spin-doctors of their think tanks have carefully worked out for them.
Liberals, on the other hand, try to speak in nuance. They weigh the alternatives, knowing correctly that there are usually more than two sides to any issue.
Yet, in this day of seven-second soundbites, which do you think people remember most? The very valid points made by liberals who weigh the subtleties: Well, theres this to consider and then this, if not this? Or a simplistic right-wing anti-LGBTQ soundbite: Its Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve.
Whats your favorite liberal soundbite that you hear repeated throughout the country by most liberals? Crickets .
Liberals are often ineffective because theyre plagued by a liberal guilt. They dont want to repeat offenses from the past. They know offenses existed and dont want to deny them.
They know theres been discrimination and that often their own demographic has historically been a culprit in white racism, sexism, heterosexism, even classism.
Liberals dont want to repeat the sins of their ancestors, nor do they want to be dogmatic and absolutist the way right-wingers are. They recognize that were all human beings struggling together.
Yet, theres something else. Its as if they need to atone for the oppressions of the past by avoiding anything that would be offensive to someone in the present, even if the offended is continuing the oppression.
Guilt-feeling liberals believe that the right-wing should be given equal time for their arguments. Theyll even provide and pay for it, as if the right wing doesnt already dominate most of the media.
They believe that the inhuman views of the right-wing should actually be respected. They want to appear understanding about the personal circumstances that produce such bigotry in people.
Theyre afraid that they might come across as too dogmatic, or as if they believe too strongly in absolute values, or that theyll appear just as arrogant as the right-wing. And they dont want to offend the people who are still offending them.
Guilt-feeling liberals cringe when another does state the truth. Presidential hopeful John Kerry was probably accurate when he was caught off the record back in March 11, 2004 saying the Republican attack machine is: The most crooked, you know, lying group Ive ever seen.
Republican responses were predictably critical because, you know, theyd never ever say such things themselves.
Yet liberals themselves cringe when anyone says: The Emperor has no clothes. Theyre some of the quickest critics of more radical left-wing activists.
So when ACT-UP staged its outrageous protests because people were dying and the Reagan government wasnt paying any attention, many nice liberals stepped back in criticism of such tactics. These critics would have done the same, I suppose, during the Stonewall rebellion. Who needs right-wing critics when we do it ourselves?
Lets face it - radical activists get attention. Just as Topekas Rev. Fred Phelps God Hates Fags tactics made Jerry Falwell more appealing to conservatives, so left-wing activists often prepare the way for more moderate liberals to be heard because, as they said when supporting the civil rights acts: wed better do something before they burn down our cities.
The result of liberal guilt and its accompanying hesitancy is that liberals appear to believe in nothing sincerely. They act as if values such as equal opportunity and treatment for all human beings, ending the abuse of everyone, and trying to do no harm are negotiable. They act as if all values and ideas should be respected no matter how destructive and hurtful they are.
The unconvinced are looking for people they think arent just shifting to and fro in the political winds, worrying about what will work. They want to follow those who stand strongly enough to fight for something.
Liberal churches are dying because they publicly seem to stand up for very little and thus look wishy-washy and nicey-nice. Convincing public stands for something matter to those looking on.
Some progressives are learning how to be effective again.
Its being guilt-free enough to act as if we really
believe in our values and to our death wont compromise
them, to talk and live as if equality, fairness and full
acceptance of all human beings are values we will not ever
negotiate -- even if our forcefully saying so hurts the
feelings of those who disagree.
No Surprise in That Grand Jury
Report: Religion Has a History of Covering Sexual
The real history of religions throughout the world shows how religious leaders and institutions have been concerned with controlling human sexuality through almost any means, especially when controlling that sexuality supports the cultures political and economic powers. And, at the same time, its replete with sexual harassment and abuse.
Obsession with sexual control is due to religions having been useful to kings, emperors, and nations to promote their power kings, emperors, and politicians who funded the religious institutions and were often treated as exempt from the religious sexual prohibitions that were enforced on the hoi polloi. Religious leaders and institutions came to rely upon economic and political patronage and protection from governments just as the religious right-wing wants it to be today.
Sexual control of populations is vastly common to, but doesnt have to be something inherent in, religion itself. Theres as much sexual abuse in those non-religious corporations as in any denomination.
Healthy religion could be used to promote so much else, but that would mean giving up much institutional power. Instead, religious leaders would have to become comfortable with promoting freedom and personal choice.
But sexual obsession and control represent a familiar way religion has been used by its leaders, institutions, and allies to control the populace - adding eternal damnation and other condemnations and threats to sanctify worldly power plays.
Sex has been good for stoking religion because its universal and, in Capitalism, it sells. Thus, at the same time it can be both promoted for profit and useful to raise guilt when its ever practiced.
For millennia, then, religious leaders have been preaching that their divines want all kinds of controls on human sexuality.
Youve noticed that that kind of preaching has mostly failed, right? If you listen to controlling religious leaders who continue to repeat these failed tactics talk, theyre shouting today as much as ever, if not more, that sexual license being out of (their) control - is worse today than ever.
Of course, this is combined with religious leaders claims that its those other religions or denominations that have the problem - proof that they have the Truth and those others dont. Protestants have historically enjoyed pointing out problems with the Roman Catholic Church even though the evidence is clear that Protestant ministers are involved in sexual abuse as much as priests.
Though the Roman Catholic Church has shown that it can act like a major international bureaucracy that has institutionalized sexual addictions and covered them up with religion addiction, the problem isnt just something about celibacy. Married Protestant ministers have also regularly been caught with their pants down.
And, though some still scapegoat homosexuality, that trope was debunked decades ago. The majority of members of the Survivors Network of Those Abused by Priests, after all, are women.
The reality is that repression leads to obsession. And sexual addiction and dysfunction and their cover-up with sexual and religious righteousness are widespread cultural phenomena our sexually sick culture doesnt want to face.
As long as we can pin addiction on dysfunctional families and make them the primary cause of sexual addiction, Anne Wilson Schaef asks in Escape from Intimacy, can we then hold onto the illusion of normal, refuse to look at the role of our institutions (especially church and school), and avoid completely the role of addictive society?
As I discuss in When Religion Is an Addiction, sexual dysfunction and addiction and religion addictions are not strange bedfellows. Their relationship has a long history as cross-addictions in the Church, back at least as far as influential Church Father St. Augustine whose own Confessions show that hes a classic example of a sexual addict covering it up by becoming a religion addict.
Augustines theological cover-up concluded that original sin was actually passed down through the sex act he could never reconcile in his personal life. Hence the Church would become a place for sexual anorexia and bulimia.
Even more today, though, its multiplied by that economic sexualization of our culture through conservative corporate, free market consumerism. Sex, the ad industry still believes, sells. Its portrayed as something everyone can have better if they buy, buy, and buy more.
Sex is sold as proof youre a real man or woman. It proves youre finally close to another human being.
Everyone else has the stuff that ensures that they are having the great sex you arent, you should fear. And if you arent compulsive about sex, youre told theres something wrong with you. Even some science colludes with the idea.
This is an ideal environment for religious institutions to recruit followers by convincing them that theyre guilty for having, or even thinking about, sex. This tried and true method for getting people to relieve their guilt would lose much of its power if society werent selling things this way. No wonder right-wing religion is in cahoots with big business and its consumerism.
The resulting societally encouraged sexually dysfunctional thinking and resulting guilt would require institutional and personal healing and learning how sexuality can be holistic and healthy. But the popular method is to try to relieve the guilt and shame by a cover-up the addiction to the feeling of being righteous.
Enter anti-sex politics and right-wing Christianity with its fear of anything it cant control. Hide in the high of feeling righteous and identifying with each righteous cause, cling to the righteous feelings of right-wing Christianitys exclusivism, and you have crossed into religion addiction.
Its easier than coming to terms with what you hate or fear about yourself and rejecting the institutions that promote fear and hate. Its easier than learning to find ones healthy sexual self.
Instead, this righteousness high works, until the addict
falls off the wagon.
Its Getting Harder, But Hope
Is Still Our Choice
The profane Trump presidency, the accelerating corporate take-over of the US, and the further destruction of government social programs make it hard to be both a realist and an optimist. We cant just look at the half of the glass thats full and disregard the empty half.
On top of it all, that glass is far from half full. Its flowing over for the richest 10% or fewer of US citizens.
Yet many of the other 90% -- so many of whom are deluded victims of this administration -- have been bamboozled into believing that the right-wing social agenda, including deporting foreign workers, restoring white supremacy, or undoing marriage equality, is the real solution to their problems.
But an inability to be optimistic doesnt mean that pessimism is the only alternative. No matter how we feel about the future, theres a better, empowering, and realistic choice that can change things.
Its to opt for hope. Hope is a conscious decision.
Hopelessness, on the other hand, is a feeling. But that doesnt make it worthless.
Hopelessness is, like anger, a secondary emotion that actually prevents us from feeling those emotions that lie beneath it: fear, hurt, powerlessness, and confusion. Its a real clue that theres something deeper.
Author-activist Paul Rogat Loeb, documents hope in The Impossible Will Take a Little While: Perseverance and Hope in Troubled Times (in its second edition). His is a collection of voices thats a must read now when things look bleakest.
The experience of Vaclav Havel, former Czechoslovakian president, provides just one example. Three years before the Communist dictatorship fell, Havel wrote, Hope is not prognostication. It is an orientation of the spirit, an orientation of the heart. His experience is one of many that show that a series of seemingly futile and insignificant actions can bring down an empire.
Even in what appears to be a losing cause, one person may knowingly inspire another, and then another, who could go on and change the world.
Loeb tells of a friend who in the early 1960s in a pouring rain joined a small vigil in front of the White House protesting nuclear testing. A few years later famous baby doctor Benjamin Spock, who influenced thousands, spoke at a much larger march against the Viet Nam War, telling the crowd that his inspiration was that small group of women he saw by chance huddled with their kids in the rain. I thought that if those women were out there, their cause must be really important.
From his cell, Nelson Mandela speaks of how to survive prison intact, emerge undiminished, and conserve and replenish ones hope. Add to that Susan B. Anthonys words: cautious, careful people, always casting about to preserve their reputation and social standing, never can bring about a reform.
We hear Native American writer Sherman Alexies hope: Everything is stuffed to the brim with ideas and love and hope and magic and dreams.
Gay, Tony-award-winning playwright Tony Kushner writes that despair is a lie we tell ourselves, reminding us of the words of Martin Luther King, Jr. that the arc of the moral universe is long but it bends toward justice.
Then theres Cornell West saying: To live is to wrestle with despair yet never to allow despair to have the last word.
In other essays we read of the creativity of people who carried on against great odds and were there to see the powers fall. They often never thought they were activists; they merely tried to end what was hurting them or their families.
We read others who fought for progressive values even though they didnt expect to see results in their lifetime. But these were activists, Loeb reminds us, who believed that, living with conviction is of value in itself regardless of the outcome.
Giving up on life and the living, Loeb argues, is really a form of arrogance. Alice Walkers testimony Only Justice Can Stop a Curse, examines that arrogance in the politics of bitterness.
So, for our own lives, our own good, our own conscience and integrity, we seem to have no choice other than acting out of hope.
Life is a gamble, historian Howard Zinn writes. Not to play is to foreclose any chance of winning. To play, to act, is to create at least a possibility of changing the world.
Settling for personal change isnt enough to make our lives worth living or to ensure the world we want. Giving up in cynicism and pessimism will eat us up from the inside and allow those whod hurt us to destroy the outside. Weve been made for more.
Loeb: We cant afford the sentimental view that mere self-improvement, no matter how noble in intention, is enough. Nor can we afford to succumb to fear.
Its hard to do justice to a collection like The Impossible Will Take a Little While. Snippets of these inspiring writings make them seem trite and precious.
But when you sit down to take in these brief essays, the effect is cumulative, hope-inspiring. The words never deviate from the realities of facing the often-cruel societies others have made because these represent the stories of real people. And they inspire those of us who feel we have only a small garden to hoe, not an empire to redirect.
But I cant resist the hope in words such as these from Benjamin Mays, mentor to Dr. King: The tragedy of life doesnt lie in not reaching a goal. The tragedy lies in having no goal to reach. It isnt a calamity to die with dreams unfilled, but it is a calamity not to dream. It is not a disgrace not to reach the stars, but it is a disgrace to have no stars to reach for.
Hope is realistic, and its a choice. I prescribe it
for you now.
Be Honest: Does the US Really Value
Past advocacy by educators as part of their professionalism has contributed to the conservative criticism of public education in the US and its scapegoating of teachers unions for any problems conservatives want to lay on the public school system.
Back in 1970, for example, the AFL-CIO-affiliated American Federation of Teachers became the first major union to stand against discrimination against lesbians and gay men. In 1974, its larger national rival, the National Education Association, added sexual orientation to its anti-discrimination policy.
Both unions have struggled with right-wing forces from within and without to maintain and expand the stands they took way over a quarter of a century ago. In 1999, both joined nine other educational and psychological organizations to condemn the aggressive right-wing promotion of the brainwashing mislabeled conversion therapies, as potentially harmful and ineffective, and to counter harassment of LGBTQ youth.
The final goal of economic conservatives is to privatize education so that children become lucrative moneymakers 24/7 for multinational corporations. For the religious and social conservatives, its to guarantee that our kids conform to their right-wing, sectarian Christian agenda, including marginalizing LGBTQ people.
The major enemies of this sectarian and corporate agenda, who are motivated by the stake they have in education as well as the fact that most become educators out of their love of teaching, are those teachers unions the organizations that represent the actual trained professionals who are really in the classroom with Americas kids.
In contrast, how long has it taken their bosses the motley crew on elected school boards, the managers who mimic CEOs, and the scared school systems to stand against bullying and safe schools?
Its not as if the teachers are in it for the money. With their educational backgrounds they could make more working in front of computer screens, in investment firms, or in real estate.
Instead, teachers take responsibility for a nations important resource, our children. But their value to us is reflected in how theyre treated compared to our bankers, armament dealers, informational techs, and corporate executives.
We talk a good line about education in this country, but the evidence belies what we really believe. When we talk about more funding for our schools you can hear people say: You dont think that throwing more money at schools works, do you? When its about the Pentagon, who cant account for one-quarter of its expenditures, we call it allocation.
And that child in the inner city school knows what education really means to us. As those students listen to our lines about how important education is, he knows what his teachers make, where they live, and how theyre treated in the media. But students also know how much those sports stars make, in what kinds of homes they live, and how people idolize them.
Those young students are too smart. They can see through all the American blather about the value of education to the truth good ole Jesus underlined: Where your treasure is, there your heart is also.
Going beyond appearances, we do everything to put our teachers down. We hold them suspect. We pile them with responsibilities way beyond their expertise and passion.
We place these professionals in a system run by people who have never run a classroom. Imagine the standards of the medical or legal profession set by boards of people with no qualifications other than the fact that they received the most votes in an electoral system where many qualify as low information voters.
We hire superintendents and downtown office beaureaucrats who couldnt run a classroom and think schools are businesses. Even our Secretaries of Education are managers, not educators.
In keeping with this business-model obsession, Obamas Arne Duncan never taught in a classroom. He was a CEO appointed by a mayor to be chief executive officer of the Chicago Public Schools. No wonder his programs perpetuated the philosophy of the Bush administration thats dictated by corporate America.
And now were stuck with Betsy DeVos who bought her position, could care less about public schools, and wants to see all students brought to her sectarian Jesus.
Im surprised that more teachers suffering through these people who think they know better how to manage education like a factory, arent bitter and disheartened. What must it be like to be blamed so that the fault is always: youre not a good teacher; and the solution is some sort of merit pay based on criteria set up by non-professional corporatists and their hand-picked consultants?
Union busting remains on the agenda of numerous superintendents around the country. But if it werent for our teachers unions, teachers, those professional educators, would have no voice at all in the way we teach and nurture the students they, not the policy makers, interact with every school day.
Teachers know what works. Teachers know why education isnt always working in the US.
We know that smaller classrooms work. We know that the happier teachers are, the better they teach.
We know that education is not an assembly line where products can be measured by endless standardized testing. We know that students come from different places (income levels, family backgrounds, emotional needs, talents, motivations, and abilities), and that the measure of a good educator is a students progress from that individual place along a path, not their conformity to arbitrary standards such as those behind initiatives like that No Child Left Behind law.
We know that, yes, throwing money at education will actually go a long way to solving our problems. How about just 1/10th of what we cant account for of military spending?
But well also have to start thinking about teachers as a national resource. Well have to think of our schools and colleges as more than training institutions for some corporate agenda.
In Taiwan where education is highly successful, September 28th is not only Confucius Birthday. Its a national holiday to honor teachers.
People there actually stop working to honor teachers.
In the US we just tripped over Teacher Appreciation Week, but I bet most didnt even know when.
That illustrates our real problem.
Are We Still Blaming Mothers for
Screwed Up Ideas of Motherhood?
An English professor friend claims that there are, in fact, no good poems about mothers in all of English literature. They all end up like those sentimental greeting card rhymes.
Yet, our mothers have generally done the best they could with what theyve been given about motherhood from a culture thats filled with messages that extol motherhood while taking away as much from mothers as possible. And all the conservatives high-minded blather about valuing motherhood is suspiciously empty to mothers who suspect that something else is really going on around them, but are supposed to blame themselves for whatever it is.
Culturally, we talk a good line about the value of motherhood, but our real values are betrayed by the fact that we never use mothering as a model for dealing with cultural problems. In a society that still doesnt really value women as mens economic and power equals, many would still rather brag about putting women and mothers on pedestals.
Balancing up there precariously, women are supposed to appreciate the fact that theyre shelved up on those narrow pillars. Why, then, would they ever prefer powerful equality, pay, or monetary benefits?
Instead of mothering problems, we use political, economic and social models that replicate punishing fathers and masculine ideals fundamental to a war-based economy. We dont mother our issues.
We have wars on everything drugs, violence, terrorism, illiteracy, poverty, AIDS, delinquency, crime. And, still like well-conditioned males are supposed to, we keep on warring whether we win any of these wars or not.
Like those poorly paid professionals who also deal with children and the needy, mothers are expected to settle for fulfillment. In fact, women are still taught that its motherhood that will ultimately fulfill them as women. And that should be enough.
Instead of mainstream culture embracing the fact that healthy psychological fulfilment isnt found in others but in oneself, women are told that their fulfillment needs will be met in bearing and raising children. Society pictures the ideal woman as the mother who has sacrificed her own life goals, dreams, personal career, emotional and romantic life, and aspirations for a husbands fulfillment and for children think of the nostalgic image of the recently departed Barbara Bush.
To the extent that this doesnt work for women, as opposed to therapy or group support, the common response is for mothers who believe all this to apply more pressure on children to fulfill womens needs. Without another life beyond their children, without the financial and retirement security of a pension, without investments except those of a husband who could leave them for someone else, all their hope lies in the loyalty and emotional dependence of their kids.
Women are still even told that the really ideal mother stays at home with the children, and preferably home schools them. Theres little praise for the stay-at-home father and significantly less blame for failing fathers, but much concern about mothers balancing work and children so as to be Super Moms. And the implication is usually that the mothers (not the fathers) career should suffer.
The more pressure we put on mothers instead of fathers, the more mothers end up being the communicators of unhealthy fulfillment messages from family and society. And, as the closer hands-on parent, the more theyll get most of the derision for what are really societys, and then childrens, issues.
Instead of realizing that our systems ongoing sexism works to pressure women into this role, we continue to blame women who do attempt to find healthy alternatives that could actually provide wholeness and completion for women and result in healthier mothers.
So, children often grow up with a mix of resentment and attachment toward their mothers and other women particularly if theyre authority figures. Children want to believe the best about mom. They want their relationship with their mothers to be better.
But they know how easily the one who installed the emotional buttons in them can push them. They too are really feeling the fact that mom was taught that you and I had to fulfill her.
Blaming mothers, rather than the system, for this element of sexism, is reflected in jokes about mothers, mother-in-laws, and women. Its codified in the stereotypes about Jewish mothers, Italian mothers, or you-fill-in-the-blank mothers.
But its based in the unexamined realization by children that, instead of being here to live their own lives, a childs life goals must include fulfilling their mothers otherwise unfulfilled lives.
On top of the usual motherhood confusion, there are the lingering messages of white racism that picture traditional family values as very white. Mothers of people of color are assumed to be victims of incomplete families, over-functioning, or limited by their need to be stopgaps in supposedly dysfunctional non-white cultures.
Even though statistics show that African American parents spend more time than white parents doing homework with their children, that reality never seems to make it into the white-affirming stereotypes of the African American family.
So, mothers are blamed for the problems with our children. Fathers are faulted for not being leaders of their families affirming that masculinity-style leadership preference. Fathers are faulted for not being good disciplinarians, that is good punishers, maybe even because they didnt hit their children enough.
But Mothers are blamed more broadly for not passing on traditional values, not staying home or not staying home enough, not making their home a comfortable place, putting their child into daycare, being selfish about their own lives, acting in their own interests, being too strong or domineering, being too close to their sons, being jealous of their daughters, and on and on and on. All of these arise out of stereotypes about women and the way we condition women out of their full humanity.
And if a child turns out to be LGBT, whos at fault? Conservative theories that are still pushed by discredited so-called ex-gay ministries and the therapies of anti-gay counselors who are out of touch with all mainstream psychology, blame bad parenting in a way that often sounds like the blaming of mothers.
So, given the pressures placed on women, the hypocritical
lip service for motherhood, the inhuman expectations placed
on mothers, and the blaming of mothers who step out of the
role for their own health, its no wonder Mothers
Day is often a mix of feelings that really point to the deep
changes our society needs in its deeper value structure and
its on-going conditioning about what women are
supposed to be.
Why Is the Difference Between a
Citizen and a Politician Important Today?
As citizens, its not our job to present to the politician a position thats not fully our own or is a pre-compromised version of it because we think that the compromise is more likely to be turned into legislation.
When we do that, were ensuring that politicians do not know what we really think while communicating that we arent convinced that our position should matter that much. Were implying that politicians need not consider our actual stand in the process.
When I pre-compromise, Im moving toward a position that isnt mine and actually affirming the opposite of my own view by that very move. Im communicating that I believe the opposing position is just as worthwhile, so politicians should feel free to move in that direction.
Pre-negotiating ones needs and wants before expressing them doesnt help politics, marriages, or even leadership in any organization. It merely means that the other in such relationships, the one for whom we pre-mediate our own positions, will never really know what we think. Our culture especially tells women to pre-compromise.
A citizen, as well, isnt an uncritical follower of any politician, even those weve voted for and probably will again. I dont expect any politician to agree with me on everything, and must let them know when I agree and dont. Im surprised when I have no gripes.
Our job is to keep those whove chosen to represent us informed of our views. You can bet that the right-wing will do it incessantly, and the squeaky wheel will get the most grease.
Politicians, though, have deliberately chosen to take on the citizen-paid job of actually working to implement the opinions of those they represent. That will at times require compromise.
Sometimes that compromise will be to incrementally change things. And well know that that is the reason when the politician tells us about their plans for the next step after the success of this increment.
At times the politician must compromise because there are, frankly, different valid and logical ways to do things. Then its the politicians job to explain that to us and answer our questions in a way that looks as if theyre listening and without mere reliance on talking points.
A good politician doesnt act like an old-fashioned cash register where we push a key and theirs is the automatic response. A good politician and there are few of these is a leader who takes the time to explain, arguing that their decision was better than ours and showing us why we should follow their thinking.
But there are also times when nefarious reasons compromise a politician Is the politician taking a stand based upon whose money dominates their lives? Does the politician not have a core set of values that will make them stand for something, proving they believe it even if theyre willing to lose for it? Has the politician sunk to the lesser goal of merely getting elected and maintaining power? What will the politician gain personally by their position?
All of this means that democracy and representative government is just plain messy. When corporations are in charge, things are clean. When democracy kills you, its a mess; when corporations do, its all neat and tidy.
Its the difference between a national chain coffee shop and your local dive. The corporate place is neat and orderly with a limited number of approved psoters and papers nicely displayed. In the local non-corporate establishment, theres a bit of chaos, disorderliness, and a variety of local notices and publications cluttering the tables and the bulletin boards.
Recognizing all this then, were guaranteed to disagree. Social media amplifies that rhetoric.
The key is to keep liberal and progressive movements together, and weve not been very good at that. Weve also learned that Russian cyber-warriors work to exploit us into thinking that what they portray about a candidate and their supporters is reality.
Yes, yes, everyone should know that no candidate is perfect I had problems with positions of both major Democratic presidential candidates and also knew realistically that the Democratic Party nominee was my only practical choice.
And I didnt frame the discussion ever as the least bad choice but in terms of better choices. When we frame it as the former we discourage anyone were trying to convince and encourage Republicans. Studies show that the negative in campaigns works to keep voters home on Election Day more than to strengthen our side.
But when people complain about a candidate, its passive aggressive or worse to label the critic as seeking a perfect candidate or requiring a purity test. Those responses shut down discussion and split us all. Theyre not measured, rational, or helpful.
Its difficult to just stay on a positive message about the better candidate we support. We take disagreements as personal attacks even though were citizens not the politicians whove volunteered for the fray.
Its difficult to admit where our own choice isnt perfect by admitting we agree with the criticism and yet discussing why we stick with them. No wonder former generations recommended we never discuss politics or religion.
There are also cultural factors that definitely influence peoples criticisms more than people want to admit. Sexism, ageism, classism, white racism, able-bodied-ism, beautyism and others are persistently systemic. But pointing them out can be done a number of ways some just not helpful.
Our responses to critics tell us more about ourselves and our fears and disappointments. When we get caught up, lets face it, it becomes hard to listen to critics and to envision what will be needed to move the Party we favor forward.
But as citizens, our obligation is always to inform
politicians where we stand and expect them to work it out.
American historian Howard Zinn put
it this way: When a social movement adopts the
compromises of legislators, it has forgotten its role, which
is to push and challenge the politicians, not to fall in
meekly behind them.
Why Do Those White
Evangelicals Really Love Trump? (Part Three in a Series)
(5) Capitalism. Confidence that the American economic system is divinely sanctioned.
Viewing the Bible and Christianity through the lens of Capitalism isnt new. In The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Max Weber argued that the Protestant work ethic that developed after the Reformation was a force behind the rise of Capitalism.
Prosperity evidenced religious piety. The poor brought their misfortunes on themselves; the fact that people are rich proves God has blessed the wealthy.
American business both promoted and benefited from the rise of Evangelicals. By the 1950s, business lobbies and executives were promoting Evangelical narratives and leaders to counter the regulations of the New Deal and anti-capitalist Godless Communism.
American Capitalism became fully a part of the lens of these Evangelicals. This meant ignoring or interpreting unaccommodating Biblical passages.
Jesus call in Matthew 19:21 to give all that you have to the poor and follow him couldnt mean that literally and was not meant for me. He couldnt really mean what the Gospels tell us he said with its easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God.
The Hebrew prophets condemnations of loaning money with interest couldnt apply to America. Usury should be interpreted instead as not demanding too much interest.
Evangelists such as Jerry Falwell in his 1980 Listen America! and Evangelical preachers promoted parables such as Jesus Parable of the Talents claiming that they taught basic Capitalist principles toward life.
With the influence of American New Thought and New Age teachings about prosperity for those who envision it, recent decades saw the rise of the Prosperity Gospel and ministers who downplay their harsher theological legaisms to make people feel happy and prosperous. Faithful Evangelicals should be financially secure - and certainly their leaders, like Joel Osteen, are.
Though there are voices in American society warning that the Bible isnt a good promoter Capitalism, for those who support Trump, Capitalism as the best economic system is a Biblical certainty. That includes its rewards for true believers and punishments for lazy folk who must not truly be Christians.
(6) Anti-Secularism. The State should promote their sectarian Evangelicalism.
Religious movements have affected politics throughout history with ideas ranging from abolition to temperance. Roosevelts New Deal embodied the Christian Social Gospel while the civil rights acts of the LBJ era were pressured by the movement heavily inspired by the Black church.
Following World War II, White Evangelicals eschewed politics, believing that God would do his work on governments including bringing their destruction in an Apocalypse. By 1970, Hal Lindseys popular The Late Great Planet Earth assured them that God would soon vindicate them.
But cultural and social challenges coupled with mainstream marginalizing of these White Evangelicals as uneducated, backward, and insular, increased the sense of victimization that had historically made them feel like strangers in a strange land. Biblical quotations such as Come out from among them and be ye separate and hymns such as This World Is Not My Home, Im Just A-Passing Through were soon replaced with using the Bible for political activism.
The New Testament was a hard place to find much more for their relationship to governments than to render what was due to Caesar or the Apostle Paul saying: Obey the authorities. The places for seeing a model for an Evangelical government were the Israel of their Old Testament and the contentious you-can-interpret-it-any-way-that-works-for-you book of Revelation.
With the 1964 defeat of Barry Goldwater and the embrace of the Southern strategy, Republicans knew that these White Evangelicals were useful. Pop evangelists rose to the occasion. Movements such as The Moral Majority, Focus on the Family, and The Family Research Council tied the self-concept, survival, and success of the White Evangelical agenda to legislative efforts and subsequent electionary politics.
There was little faith left in waiting around for God to act. Government was to become the means for these White Evangelicals vindication.
Candidates must affirm these six elements of their worldview, and politicians and preachers who strayed sexually could be forgiven for indiscretions and sins if they adhered to those elements. The list of the forgiven became long.
Abortion and equal rights for LGBTQ people became rallying cries. Being pro-life became the shorthand litmus test assuring that candidates actually accepted all six of the elements.
They became crucial to Conservatism. Linguist George Lakoff would analyze the mental frame that internalized and politicized them - a strict father model that embodied all of six elements in these White Evangelicals worldview.
When Donald Trump arrived on the scene, he embodied them. Whether he believed anu or just knew he could get Evangelical votes by espousing them is another question.
And charges of hypocrisy didnt matter. Theyre common in the world of these White Evangelicals and their leaders.
The word hypocrisy doesnt challenge anything about their beliefs. It merely says that an individual didnt live them perfectly.
And since they believe that were all sinners anyway, it merely means that the hypocrite is just another human like them, saved by grace. More important is whether the hypocrite affirms the six elements.
Its a time-waster to argue religion with them. Down through history, religions do nothing its what people do with their holy books, institutions, and traditions that has an effect, and thats done because of this lens.
People cling to religious beliefs for reasons related to prejudices, the influence it provides, egos, beliefs about their culture, and to protect their personal identities.
Its also a waste of time to dwell on the religious beliefs they regularly tick off looking for some mysterious answer there. Its the wrong question to ask: How can they believe this or that and still support X, Y, or Z politician?
Do they, or do they not embrace instead these six
elements of the lens through which these White Evangelicals
see the world? Thats what matters.
There are six assumptions that make up the key to understanding what those White Evangelicals who voted for and are staying with Donald Trump see when they look at life and the Bible when they claim that theyre righteously following God and that Bible. Part One of this series included the first two. Here are the third and fourth elements:
(3) White supremacy. The white race is blessed and chosen to dominate any other.
Slavery was built into the socio-economic structure of the United States from the beginning, but reactions to Abolition, movements for racial equality, and desegregation were crucial to the mindset of those White Evangelicals supporting Trump, a mindset that was usually stoked by leaders from the South. In 1847, the largest Protestant denomination in the United States and the one that dominates Evangelicalism today, the Southern Baptist Convention, split from the Northern Baptists to protect slavery.
Well after the civil rights movement of the 1960s, in 1997, they apologized. But maintaining White privilege was already built into the Evangelicals who would eventually support Trump.
These White Evangelicals reacted especially negatively to the Supreme Courts 1954 call for desegregation in Brown v. Board of Education. They responded with the creation of their own separate schools and an emphasis on home schooling.
Then came Loving v. Virginia in 1967 that ended prohibitions on interracial marriage. A new kind of segregation was needed in response, this time in the area of marriage. Even today, sexual purity movements are not just a reaction to changes in the cultures sexual mores but also are means by which parents can work to arrange the right marriages for their children.
In 1967 Evangelical political leader Jerry Falwell founded a segregation academy in Virginia that was advertised as a private school for white students. Bob Jones University excluded black applicants until 1971 but prohibited interracial dating, which led to a Supreme Court decision and ended only in 2000.
After federal civil rights legislative victories during the Johnson administration, Republicans chose a Southern Strategy to appeal to white voters against African Americans by playing on White racial resentment of gains of people of color. Code words, urban legends, and bigoted insinuations were useful to appeal to these White Evangelical voters and have been used by Republican candidates since.
Sunday mornings remain the most segregated hours in this nation. Yet the White Evangelicals who support Trump fear the loss of their status as the better race.
They were a major bloc that voted for Trump because of their racism. And for them, the Bible thus must still be seen as supporting their Whiteness even if one of their great fears is being accused of racism.
(4) Anti-intellectualism. An open liberal education is a threat to belief.
Religious institutions in the United States were responsible for the beginnings of numerous great American universities and colleges, many of which are now seen as threats to those Evangelicals who support Trump. In 1995, Evangelical historian Mark Noll chronicled the history of Evangelical anti-intellectualism in The Scandal of the Evangelical Mind, saying, the scandal of the evangelical mind is that there is not much of an evangelical mind.
Of course, theres a long history of anti-intellectualism in American society along side liberal educational advances. In 1642, Puritan John Cotton warned: the more learned and witty you be, the more fit to act for Satan you will be.
Theres also a long history of the self-made man, often a manual laborer, farmer, or cowboy who valued practical education, as opposed to book-learning from the liberal arts and sciences. That prejudice is reflected today when educators tell graduates that they are now about to https://www.cnsnews.com/commentary/chuck-colson/justice-scalia-we-are-be-fools-christs-sake enter the real world.
Using the teaching of evolution as the major excuse, these White Evangelicals sought protection in separate parochial schools and home schooling. They founded their own safe colleges usually in places far from what they considered the temptations of cities or major universities. One, for example, advertised that it was fifty miles from any known form of sin.
As part of the rise of 20th century Fundamentalism and again in recent decades reacting to the rise of feminism and other social equality movements, Evangelical denominations even purged their own seminaries to return them to the teaching of doctrines and practices that basically affirmed the six principles outlined here. Of course, the official claim was that their professors were not teaching the Bible correctly or in an acceptable orthodox understanding.
As large industries such as the fossil fuel industry began to see that they could use Evangelicals, they created their own science, promoted criticism of mainstream research and tied it to various doctrines and social issues they identified as crucial to those who would support Trump. Popularly, Pauls claim to the Corinthians could be a proud rallying cry: We are fools for Christs sake.
In 2012 Justice Antonin Scalia, these White Evangelicals hero, appealed to this anti-intellectualism at a religious conference to demean those whom he felt challenged his faith:
God assumed from the beginning that the wise of the world would view Christians as fools and He has not been disappointed. Devout Christians are destined to be regarded as fools in modern society. We are fools for Christs sake. We must pray for courage to endure the scorn of the sophisticated world. If I have brought any message today, it is this: Have the courage to have your wisdom regarded as stupidity. Be fools for Christ. And have the courage to suffer the contempt of the sophisticated world.
These and the other six elements explain why the charge of hypocrisy not only doesnt affect these White Evangelicals but actually affirms their beliefs to them. In fact, they explain why its a waste of time to expect that religious doctrines are the key. Theyre subordinate to the worldview represented by all six.
Next month: Part Three with the final two of the six key
elements of the lens that explains their support for
religious and political leaders even if theyre
What Now? Part Two: Its
Not Either/Or: Lets Face Race and Everything
Theyre really defending themselves they dont want to admit that theyd vote for an open racist. They dont want to accept their personal responsibility for the resulting rise in crimes against Muslims, people of color, and LGBT people that has followed the permission their chosen candidate has thereby given for people to act as open bigots.
Theyd prefer to deny that they themselves hold enough racism to give someone who appeals to white racism a pass, as if playing on racism, xenophobia, and homophobia isnt important to them. They dont want to think of how their votes evidence their lack of empathy for anyone but themselves.
Both class and race figured at a basic level in the rise of this president-elect who lost the popular count by over 2.8 million votes. That loss is a point well always need to remember of the Americans who voted and whose votes were counted, over 50% did not support his campaign. To the majority, hes a loser and his campaign strategy was offensive and embarrassing.
The election post-mortem, however, has included debates about the relative importance of racism and classism in its outcome, as if these dont support each other. The phrase identity politics has been used quite broadly as if whatever it refers to is a negative thing.
So how do we work through all this to move beyond this election?
When one works from a scarcity model of life a model that supports the worst elements of capitalism, by the way its easy to fear that attention to another issue will take it away from my issue. Its a mindset that theres not enough attention to go around.
In addition, this scarcity mindset suppresses the facts that all oppressions are related and that ending all of them is necessary. I cannot isolate my issue from any other.
It misses the point that any oppression will not die out until all the others also disappear. Oppression is an approach to life, a way of thinking, a frame that looks for a victim, and a fallback for a failing culture to scapegoat an other.
The scarcity model also obscures the fact that oppression is more than just prejudice. Its prejudice plus power: the ability to effectively promote or prevent movement and change.
As such, what were fighting must be viewed not as just individual prejudice but systemic problems. Racism, sexism, heterosexism, etc. are promoted by the institutions of our society that need to preserve the status quo and how those institutions play off each other thats the system.
And heres something wed rather deny because the problem is systemic, every one of us, no matter what demographic we identify with and whether we want to admit it or not, has been taught racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, able-bodyism, and others. When someone says, for example, I am not a racist, they miss the deeper point we all have been taught to be racist; the issue really is: are we working on it in ourselves and society.
Because theyre all related, then, and were a part of all of it no matter how far weve come, the second challenging, hard-to-face necessity emphasized in this series is that we need to reject denial, complaining, and guilt feelings to think in terms of building coalitions. We no longer can afford one-issue movements.
We begin by understanding that what initially appears not to be my issue is really my issue. Its not just that we all have one common humanity whose feelings, desires, prayers, and hopes we share (If we think about it, what people pray for around the world no matter what their religion are the same things all people and their families worry about.).
We are not fighting a good charitable fight because some other group of pitiful people needs us to save them thats patronizing and disempowering for them. Instead, we need to learn how each of the isms hurts us, limits us, and boxes us in.
How does white racism separate those who identify as white from their full humanity? Read: Thandekas Learning to Be White: Money, Race and God in America.
How does the oppression of LGBT people limit the potential humanity of those who identify as straight? Read: Robert N, Minor, Scared Straight: Why Its So Hard to Accept Gay People and Why Its So Hard to Be Human.
Racism, LGBT discrimination, able-body-ism, classism, environmental degradation and others must end, I must be convinced, for my own good and other people will benefit.
Next, we take a hard look at our lives, our friends, the circles we move in, who we stand shoulder-to-shoulder with in our chosen justice work, and where our comfortable interactions are. What we will often find is that naturally our circles are those that weve felt safe in and thus often they consist of the same demographics as us. Given the nature of the oppressions around us, thats exactly how the system expects us to live.
Coalition building does not mean that an organization does outreach to those it has not included. It means building long-term relationships that grow to share trust and understanding.
It means all partners over time becoming convinced that the others are there for them when they have a fight for justice on their hands. No one needs to look around at the last minute wondering wholl be there for them.
And it means listening to find out what the needs of those outside our demographic are, letting them take the lead in their fights but standing as allies, believing that what they say about their experience is true, asking how to be supportive, listening to their hurts, and not walking away when the going gets tough. Its hard, but necessary, stuff.
© 2018 Robert N. Minor
Robert N. Minor, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus at the University of Kansas, is author of When Religion Is an Addiction; Scared Straight: Why Its So Hard to Accept Gay People and Why Its So Hard to Be Human; and Gay & Healthy in a Sick Society. Contact him at www.FairnessProject.org
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