Mental Health - Newsbytes

Menstuff® has compiled newsbytes on the issue of mental health.

Journals - on Emotional Abuse and Trauma
Related Issues:
Online Depression Screening Test , Alzheimer'sAutism, Depression, Suicide, Suicide Teen, Suicide Prevention, Suicide Firearms


Men Are Worse at Dealing With Break-Ups

How do you deal with a break-up? Your gender plays a big part.

A new study from Binghamton Univeristy in New York looked at data from 5,700 people from 96 countries and found that while women were more likely to feel pain and heartbreak after a breakup than men, they recovered much faster.

The data suggested that in many ways, women return to the dating scene stronger, having learned from their mistakes and processed their pain healthily. On the other hand, men were less likely to experience emotional trauma right after a breakup, but were less likely to completely “get over their ex.

This got us wondering – what are the most surprising, science-backed differences between men and women? Here are our favorites.

Marital Discord Linked to Sleep Problems of Wives, Not Husbands: Women's Insomnia Can Cause Relationship Strain

Craving Clues: Gender's Role in Food Cravings: Women, Men and Comfort Food


Are you a People Pleaser?

While it is good to be polite, craving approval may actually undermine your relationships and happiness. In dating, it can be disastrous. Take this quiz to see how you rate. Take this quiz.

Brain Wired to Reward Learning

We're hardwired to enjoy learning. Learn how we get a jolt of happy when we acquire new knowledge, and get your own "happy jolt" courtesy of WebMD!

Solutions to America's Common Mental Disorders?

More than 15% of Americans have some sort of mental disorder. Learn more.

Online Games Provide Social Network

Are online games a hotbed for social interaction? The surprising answer is "yes."

Oddballs May Have More Creative Minds

Creativity and odd behavior have been linked for centuries. Find out what doctors have learned about creative thinking and people who walk to the beat of a different drummer.

FDA Eyes Diabetes Warning For Antipsychotics

Federal regulators have asked the makers of a widely used class of six antipsychotic drugs to include labeling language about a possible link with diabetes, Eli Lilly and Co. said.

Statins Improve Mood

Contrary to earlier reports linking cholesterol reduction to depression or suicide risk, long-term users of cholesterol-lowering statin drugs report better moods, according to a new study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology,

Lilly Warns Of Zyprexa Risk For Elderly

Eli Lilly and Co. said it had warned doctors and psychiatrists that elderly patients suffering from dementia face a higher risk of stroke if they use the company's top-selling drug, the anti-psychotic Zyprexa.

Drivers' Attention Easily Diverted

Even when they knew cameras were watching, drivers in a study were caught in all manner of distracting activities, from applying eye makeup to opening and reading their mail.

Mental Disorder Rates in 20-33 year-olds

The rate of mental disorder among young adults 20-33 in the past 12 months are:

Source: USA Today, April 7, 2005

Mental Illness in America

Misunderstood, often feared and still stigmatized, the most severe mental illnesses affect some 5 million American adults, causing inestimable suffering to these patients and their families.

Mental Health Timeline

Use this timeline to see such historic events as how people like Freud developed theories on mental illness to how the U.S. has addressed the introduction of new drugs for treatment.

Marriage Appears To Be Beneficial To Women s Health, But Only When Marital Satisfaction Is High, New Research Shows

Women who are in satisfying marriages have a health advantage over unmarried women or those in unsatisfying marriages, according to a study.
Source: American Psychological Association,

Optimists Live Longer

Patients who described themselves as highly optimistic had lower risks of all-cause death, and lower rates of cardiovascular death than those with high levels of pessimism, according to an article in the November issue of The Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Source: American Medical Association,

Celiac Disease, Schizophrenia: Connecting the Dots

Only about 1% of the U.S. population has celiac disease. Is this small group also more likely to have schizophrenia? If so, why?

Losing a Child Increases MS Risk

Such parents are 50 percent more likely to develop the disease.

Gambling Addiction a Psychiatric Disorder

Group says 3 million American adults bet compulsively.

Coffee May Pump Up Work Stress

Study says it increases anxiety levels, though men think it improves performance.

Lilly Drug Not Cited In Coroner's Ruling

A coroner's report on the death of a 19-year-old woman who committed suicide while participating in an anti-depressant drug trial did not cite the experimental Eli Lilly and Co. medication as a contributing factor.

Dangerous Drugs? New Recommendations for People on Antipsychotics

While antipsychotic drugs can treat bipolar disorder, dementia, and other illnesses, the drugs' side effects can actually lead to the other diseases. Find out which ones and see what a panel of doctors is recommending.

Student Suicide Prevention Shows Results

Attempts declined by 40 percent where progam was used.

A Silent Crisis

Is there a silent crisis in men’s mental health? Are we missing men who need help and support? This article offers interesting insights.

Mind Over Matter. How Far Can We Go?

Researchers, and a monkey, at a Duke University lab suggest we will soon be able to move artificial limbs, control robotic soldiers, and communicate across thousands of miles - using nothing but our thoughts.



A man's memory lapse may indicate depression.

Women Wired For Worry

Men, science is on your side. Recent research may confirm the long-standing male contention that women are worrywarts. But it also shows that women can't help it; they're just built that way.

Depression-Physical Illness Link Examined

Depression doesn't just make people feel bad mentally, it can leave them vulnerable to physical illness too.

Report Cites Harm To Bullies And Victims

Bullying shouldn't be dismissed as a harmless schoolyard rite of passage, according to a report that found bullies and their victims often develop behavioral and emotional problems later in life.

Wyeth Warns Of Kid Suicide Risk With Drug

Wyeth warned doctors that tests showed its antidepressant Effexor caused an increased risk of suicidal behavior in children.

Major Depression In Adolescence Can Reoccur In Adulthood And Diminish Quality Of Life

Young adults who experienced an episode of major depression in adolescence may be more vulnerable to a relapse in adulthood that could significantly affect their quality of life, say researchers in a study on the psychosocial functioning of adults who have recovered from major depression.
Source: American Psychological Association,

The Wage Gap Favoring Men Doesn t Just Hurt Women s Pay, According To New Research

A new study on managerial pay involving more than 2,000 managers from more than 500 organizations finds that not only do women managers earn approximately nine percent less than male managers, but that pay of both men and women managers is also related to the gender and age of those they work with.
Source: American Psychological Association,

Zoloft Helps Depression In Kids

The anti-depressant Zoloft works in children, too, according to the biggest study ever to look at the question.

Statins Improve Mood

Contrary to earlier reports linking cholesterol reduction to depression or suicide risk, long-term users of cholesterol-lowering statin drugs report better moods, according to a new study in the Aug. 20, 2003 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology,

Stress May Lead To Chronic Hair-Pulling

Ever since she was in third grade, Taylor Beauchamp has battled trichotillomania, a little-known disorder called "trich" for short. The condition causes her to compulsively pull the hair from her body. The medically recognized condition is classified as an impulse control disorder, along the same lines as compulsive gambling and kleptomania.

Experts Say Happy Thoughts Tend To Dominate Memories

Loss, illness, setbacks -- negative events are inevitable in life. Fortunately, researchers say, for most people pleasant events far outnumber unpleasant ones, and, it turns out, memory treats emotions associated with unhappy and happy experiences differently.

Parents May Be Less Likely To Kill Selves

Adults with children are less likely to commit suicide than those without, and young kids add an extra layer guarding against suicide for women, research suggests.

Psychiatrist Sees Promise in Bipolar Drug

They may not have an athletic or artistic bone in their bodies, but they are convinced they can win a marathon or paint a masterpiece. Feeling smarter, more creative and more important than others, they relish their high-energy levels and bask in feelings of euphoria.

Noise Can Be Good For You

Researchers in Japan have found that a type of noise known as 1/f noise more effectively sensitizes the human brain than white noise.
Source: American Physical Society,

Hostility, Depression May Boost Heart Disease Protein Level

Mild to moderate levels of depression symptoms combined with feelings of hostility in healthy men may raise their levels of a protein that is associated with clogged arteries and a greater risk of heart attack, according to new research in Psychosomatic Medicine.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

New Program Treats Rural Youth And Targets Barriers To Care

Adolescents and teens with emotional and behavioral problems will receive treatment as part of a new study in eight of the poorest Appalachian counties in Eastern Tennessee. Researchers will work with judges, school administrators, and community leaders to overcome barriers to mental health services. The project is structured to ensure that successful therapies and partnerships with state funding agencies and organizations will continue after the study ends. The 5-year, more than million grant to the University of Tennessee was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Wanted: Insurance Parity for Mental Illness

Bill aims to end what advocates call widespread discrimination.

U.S. Lags in Treating Mental Illness

Only 1 in 3 with serious emotional problems gets help.

Abusive Supervisors May Get Employees To Meet Deadlines At The Expense Of Their Company's "Bottom Line"

Frustration and stress resulting from the intense competition and ever-changing deadlines of today's business world may cause some supervisors to become abusive to their employees. While yelling at and using other non-physical intimidation toward subordinates may motivate employees to get their work done on time, the company may suffer financially in the long run, according to a study.
Source: The American Psychological Association,

Medicaid Privatization Hurt Schizophrenics

Care dipped after Tenn. contracted mental health services out.

Newer Antipsychotic Drugs May Not Be Better After All

Older drugs, used in lower doses, don't cause more side effects, researchers find.

Social Stress Related To Depression In Arthritic Patients

Depression in women with rheumatoid arthritis may stem from social stresses not related to their disease, a new study suggests.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Finding A Mental-Health Provider

For a variety of reasons, it is sometimes difficult to get the treatment you need. How do you find someone who can help you?

Child And Adolescent Bipolar Disorder

Symptoms of bipolar disorder may be initially mistaken for normal emotions and behaviors of children and adolescents. But unlike normal mood changes, bipolar disorder significantly impairs functioning in school, with peers and at home with family.

Gene Enhances Prefrontal Function At A Price

Studies of a gene that affects how efficiently the brain's frontal lobes process information are revealing some untidy consequences of a tiny variation in its molecular structure and how it may increase susceptibility to schizophrenia. People with a common version of the gene associated with more efficient working memory and frontal lobe information processing may pay a penalty in adverse responses to amphetamine, in heightened anxiety and sensitivity to pain. Yet, another common version may slightly bias the brain toward a pattern of neurochemical activity associated with psychosis, report researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

New Study In Rats Matches Genetic Influences And Cognitive Impairment

A study in rats matching the activity of 146 genes with brain aging and impaired learning and memory produces a new picture of brain aging and cognitive impairment. The research, by scientists at the University of Kentucky, uses powerful new gene microarray technology in a novel way to match gene activity with actual behavioral and cognitive performance over time, resulting in the identification of this wide range of aging- and cognition-related genes (ACRGs). Importantly, the changes in gene activity had mostly begun in the mid-life of the rats, suggesting that changes in gene activity in the brain in early adulthood might set off cellular or biological changes that could affect how the brain works later in life.

Court Considers Forced Medication Case

Missouri dentist Charles Sell sees imaginary leopards, believes the FBI is trying to kill him and wants to go into combat. He is locked up in a psychiatric unit while the Supreme Court considers if the 53-year-old can be forced to take anti-psychotic drugs to make him well enough to stand trial on insurance fraud charges.

Shuttle Video Should Comfort

Unlike the frightening videos from previous disasters, Friday's images of the Columbia astronauts doing the routine tasks of the job they loved should be a comfort to their families and to the public, mental health experts said.

Media May Facilitate Suicidal Acts

The media should be more aware of their potential influence on suicide, according to several letters in this week's BMJ.
Source: British Medical Journal,

Variety Of Casual Acquaintances Affects Success And Health

Knowing many kinds of people in many social contexts improves one's chance of getting a good job, developing a range of cultural interests, feeling in control of one's life and feeling healthy. Many know how important networking is, says researcher Bonnie Erickson, but the critical matter is the variety of acquaintances and not the mere number.
Source: American Sociological Association,

Eating Disoders A Complex, Controversial Issue

The American approach to weight loss is driving up numbers of both the dangerously overweight and the dangerously underweight, say professionals who deal with both of those groups. They say it emphasizes appearance over health and offers quick fixes instead of sustainable habits. It also promotes unattainable goals for which the shame of failure inevitably propels some to reach for the ice cream scooper and others to reach down their throats.

Long-Term Antidepressant Use Cuts Relapse

Most patients treated for depression should remain on medication after their gloom has lifted, new research suggests.

Survey Seeks To ID Depressed Teens

Researchers are offering a computerized screening tool to high schools for free in hopes of identifying teenagers who are suffering from depression.

Quitting Smoking Offers Benefits; Unsuccessful Attempts May Change View Of Health Risk

Researchers from Arizona State University and Indiana University found that after a 6-year period, smokers who succeeded in quitting reported less stress and did not experience increases in negative moods, such as depression or nervousness. Successful quitters also came to view smoking as being less beneficial psychologically and more harmful to their health compared to when they were smokers. Quitters who relapsed to smoking did not report additional stress-other than that associated with being a smoker. However, relapsers altered their perceptions of smoking to view it as less harmful to their health, which ultimately may undermine their decision to try again to quit in the future.

Both Antidepressant Therapy And Counseling May Help Smokers Achieve Short-Term Abstinence

A study to determine whether counseling increases the efficacy of antidepressants in smoking cessation programs found that such combination therapy did not add benefit to antidepressant therapy. It also found that counseling increased short-term abstinence rates when it was added to medical management, but neither counseling nor antidepressant therapy produced long-term sustained abstinence. Counseling produced higher 7-day abstinence rates than medical management alone, but this improvement was not sustained over the course of the study.

Self-Control Comes In Limited Quantities, Must Be Replenished

Self-control, whether used to pass up the office cookie plate or to struggle against temptations like alcohol and tobacco, operates like a renewable energy source rather than a learned skill or an analytical thought process, according to new research.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Psychologists Help Crew On Space Station

Mental health counselors on the ground have helped the three-member crew aboard the international space station deal with their grief following the Columbia disaster, the crew's commander said.

Combination Therapy For Obsessions More Effective Than Drugs Alone

People with obsessions and compulsions experience considerable benefit from a combined treatment of drugs and behavioural therapy. Treatment with drugs alone is less effective. This is revealed in doctoral research by psychologist Nienke Tenney from Utrecht University.
Source: Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research,

Many Elderly Undiagnosed For Depression

Old-age symptoms can mask signs of depression, making it difficult to diagnose and treat about 2 million older adults nationwide who suffer from depression, doctors say.

Attention Deficit Rate Tops Estimates

Nearly 7 percent of elementary-age children in the United States - more than 1.6 million kids - have been diagnosed with attention-deficit disorder, according to the first nationwide survey of the problem.

Teens More Likely To Inflict Wounds

Adolescents show up at hospital emergency rooms with self-inflicted injuries - usually suicide attempts - more often than any other age group, the government said.

Baby Talk Said To Be Educational

"Cuuutie piiiie, youuu are sooooo sweeeet." That may sound syrupy to the adult ear, but to babies it is an important lecture from the infant's most important teacher:

At-Home Exercise Helps Caregivers Care For Themselves

An estimated 3.5 million Americans care for demented spouses or parents at home, putting their own physical and emotional health at risk. New research indicates that a simple, home-based exercise program can reduce the personal toll their caregiving takes.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Human Gene Affects Memory

NIH scientists have shown that a common gene variant influences memory for events in humans by altering a growth factor in the brain's memory hub. On average, people with a particular version of the gene that codes for brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) performed worse on tests of episodic memory -- tasks like recalling what happened yesterday. They also showed differences in activation of the hippocampus, a brain area known to mediate memory, and signs of decreased neuronal health and interconnections.

Night Blindness May Explain Fear Of The Dark

Fear of the dark is a common complaint in children and is often attributed to attention seeking behaviour. Yet researchers in this week's BMJ suggest that it may be due to night blindness - a diagnosis which can be easily missed.
Source: British Medical Journal,

Tots Can Pick Up Emotions At Early Age

Infants as young as 1 year old can figure out the emotions of people around them by observing their actions and reactions - even if they are watching them on television, a study says.

French Bank Workers Get Stress Hot Line

It would give anybody stress: merger mania, heavy workloads, and worries about job security. Now France's second-largest bankers' union is planning to give stressed-out members just what they need — someone to speak to on a 24-hour psychological hot line.

Our Emotional Brains

Both sides of the brain play a role in processing emotional communication, with the right side stepping in when we focus not on the "what" of an emotional message but rather on how it feels.

Why Am I Anxious In The Dental Office?

People are anxious about going to the dentist for different reasons, including worrying about the effectiveness of localized anesthetic and feeling like the dentist is rushed or is neglecting your concerns. Other factors include anticipation of pain, the cost of the procedure, past experiences, and even the sterile smell of the dental office. Interrupting the normal day's routine to visit the dentist also is a factor in general anxiety.

Alternative Therapies May Help People With Dementia

Aromatherapy and bright light treatment may have an important role in managing behavioural problems in people with dementia, conclude researchers in this week's BMJ.
Source: British Medical Journal,

Study Sheds Light on Brains, Emotion

Scientists have mapped out the brain circuitry that underlies the experience of emotion, findings that could ultimately help explain conditions like depression and anxiety, as well as happiness, sadness and even the appreciation of a good joke.

Treat Addicts' Mental Illness

Mental disorders are common among alcoholics and drug abusers, but their mental illness and addictions are seldom treated at the same time, which prevents many from recovering from either, says a report sent to Congress today.

Decision Is Mixed In Paxil Patents Case

A federal judge gave a mixed decision in litigation over British drug company GlaxoSmithKline PLC's patents for anti-depressant Paxil.

Living In Large Groups Could Give You A Better Memory

If you are a loner, you'd better get yourself some friends or else risk losing precious brain cells. That's the suggestion from a study into the brains of songbirds, which found that birds living in large groups have more new neurons and probably a better memory than those living alone.
Source: New Scientist,

Spiritual Beliefs And Existential Meaning In Later Life

Older people who have a strong sense of spiritual belief and personal meaning in life are less likely to suffer from depression or mental health problems even when they have lost a spouse within the past year.
Source: Economic & Social Research Council,

Kids' Health Study Needed

Researchers are charting the health of firefighters and iron workers who toiled at the World Trade Center site. They are studying women who were pregnant at the time of the attacks, and even examining the search-and-rescue dogs that worked at ground zero.

High Hostility May Predict Heart Disease More Than Other Risk Factors Such As Cholesterol And Smoking

Hostility may predict heart disease more often than traditional coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors like high cholesterol, cigarette smoking and weight.
Source: American Psychological Association,

Teen-Age Girls, Depression, Alcoholism, And Brain Activity

Numerous studies have documented abnormalities in brain electrical activity in patients diagnosed with depression. A study in the November issue of Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research examines teen-age girls with a history of depression, rather than active depression, to see if they exhibit a subtle abnormality in brain function.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research,

Exploring The Relationship Between Alcoholism And Serotonin One Step At A Time

The brain's serotonin neurotransmitter system has been associated with a variety of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, anti-social personality disorder, and alcohol dependence. Although research has shown that alcoholics appear to have an altered and/or injured serotonin system, the specifics of those alterations remain unclear.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research,

Deliberate Self Harm Is Common In Adolescents

Deliberate self harm is common in adolescents, especially females, finds a study in this week's BMJ.
Source: British Medical Journal,

Nature Meets Nurture; Behavior Problems Not As Simple As XYY, Scientists Are Learning

Chalk up your color blindness, athletic coordination or receding hairline to the genetic makeup of your parents and most researchers won't give you an argument. But blame your family tree for alcoholism, schizophrenia or forms of aggressive behavior and, historically, biologists and psychologists have fled to separate corners of the room.

Cocaine-Exposed Children Subject To Stereotyping

Trained research assistants, unaware of a child's history, cannot tell the difference between a 4-year-old who was exposed to cocaine before birth and one who was not, according to new research.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Psychologists Draw An "Architecture Of Attention," Outlining At Least Three Brain-Based Building Blocks

Neuropsychologists have mapped different aspects of attention to different parts of the brain's frontal lobes. In particular, problems in screening out irrelevant information seem to be based in the frontal lobes' right side. This research joins mounting scientific evidence that attention is a complex, multi-faceted brain-based process.
Source: The American Psychological Association,

Young Children May Cope Better If They Remember Medical Procedure Details

Even young children recall details of medical procedures, and distressing aspects of the procedure may result in flawed memories that affect their ability to cope with subsequent painful and traumatic medical experiences, according to a new study.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Kids' Meanness Might Mean Health Risks When They Grow Up

Hostile kids who mistrust others are much more likely than their peers to develop physical symptoms linked to diabetes and heart attacks in the future, a pioneering new study suggests.

Counselors Say Order Birth Affects Behavior Of Adults

Growing up an only child, a first-born son or somebody's baby sister aren't just childhood labels. Some counselors say birth order -- the spot where a person is born in a family -- influences the adults we become and the choices we make.

Woman Gives Birth After Pre-Pregnancy Test Is Used To Screen For Early Alzheimer's Gene

In what is believed to be a medical first, a woman with a gene that is all but certain to cause Alzheimer's by her 40s gave birth to a baby free of the defect after having her eggs screened and selected in the laboratory.

Mistaken Beliefs Beset Mental Illness

In a recent survey conducted by the National Mental Health Association, a number of mistaken beliefs were reported about the causes of mental illness.

Cancer Patients' Emotional Needs Often Undetected By Oncologists

Oncologists often are more attuned to their patients' requests for information about cancer and cancer treatment than they are to requests for emotional support, says new research published in the current issue of Psycho-Oncology.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Poor Health Of Gulf Veterans Not Related To Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Most Gulf War veterans do not have a formal psychiatric disorder and rates of post-traumatic stress disorder amongst the group are low, finds a study in this weeks BMJ.
Source: British Medical Journal,

Home-Based Preschool Helps Disadvantaged Kids Later

An in-home program for disadvantaged toddlers can help children be better prepared to learn once they start grade school, new research reveals.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Introverted Persons Are More Likely To Become Tired At Work

Introvert people have a higher risk of becoming tired than their extravert colleagues. This was revealed in the first large-scale and systematic study into the influence of personality on tiredness, which was carried out by researchers from Tilburg University.
Source: Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research,

Attacks Force New Thinking On Mental Health And Trauma

New Yorkers were hardest hit by the terror of Sept. 11, but they live in a city rich in the resources to deal with its psychological impact.

9/11 Caused Stress In Many Americans

The Sept. 11 terrorist attacks have haunted many Americans who were not directly affected, causing significant symptoms of traumatic stress two months and even six months later, research suggests.

Breast-Feeding, Intelligence Linked

Breast-fed babies may grow up to be smarter adults, according to research that bolsters the evidence linking nursing and intelligence.

Psychiatric Drug Found Tampered With

Drug maker Eli Lilly is warning that tampering has been discovered on a few bottles of the psychiatric drug Zyprexa.

Iodine Deficiency, A Main Cause Of Mental Disabilities, Will Be Eliminated In Three Years Across The Globe

Iodine deficiency, a major cause of mental disabilities and learning difficulties, will be eliminated in three years, U.N. officials and salt industry executives predicted.

Geriatrics Society Guidelines Give Hints To Older People On How To Live Without Pain

Getting old doesn't mean having to live with pain, the American Geriatrics Society says in new guidelines with easy-to-read pamphlets to help older Americans explain their pain to doctors and know if dementia-stricken loved ones are suffering.

Dentists Have More Memory Disturbances, But Is Mercury To Blame?

Scottish dentists reported more memory disturbances and were more likely to have kidney disorders than non-dentists, according to a British study.

Just Say "Stop" When You Put Yourself Down

You might remember the old joke that goes something like this: "Don't worry if you're talking to yourself. It's when you start answering yourself that you have a problem."

Experiments Strengthen Link Between Fish Oil, Mental Problems

Infant monkeys fed baby formulas supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids - the ones found in "fish oil" - were stronger and more alert even at less than a week old than monkeys given standard baby formula.

Marijuana's Impact On Intelligence

Peter Fried and colleagues report that light and former use of marijuana does not appear to have a long-term effect on intelligence, while heavy use appears to be detrimental.
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal,

Failure To Make Children Feel Valued And Loved Causes Lasting Damage

A new technical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) identifies parents' actions that may amount to psychological maltreatment of children, as well as the consequences of such actions.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics,

Bereaved Pet Owners Seek Support

Over the past decade, there has been explosive growth in what could loosely be described as the pet-death industry. There are pet cemeteries by the hundreds, pet coffins and pet sympathy cards. On the Internet, virtual pet cemeteries give bereaved owners a place to commemorate their departed companions with poems, anecdotes and photographs.

Husbands Of Fibromylagia Sufferers In Slightly Poorer Health, More Depressed Than Other Men

Men whose wives suffer from fibromyalgia, a painful rheumatic disorder, have slightly worse health, including higher rates of stress and depression, than other men. But the same new research that reveals these differences also indicates that they are not as great as predicted, possibly because the husbands have developed ways of coping.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

'Cheerleader' Brain Signal May Act As A Task Master, Science Study Suggests

Scientists have discovered a brain signal that, like an encouraging bystander at a marathon, urges us keep working at a task in order to receive a reward.

Brain Signal Boosts As Monkey Nears Reward

Delaying gratification while working toward a goal appears to have roots in a specific brain circuit. NIMH scientists have discovered a signal in a brain area involved in motivation that strengthens as a monkey performs a task for which it has been trained to expect a reward.

Tired And Angry? Both Emotions May Predict Heart Attacks

Anger and exhaustion may result in future heart attacks or sudden cardiac death, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Asia Pacific Scientific Forum.
Source: American Heart Association,

Bush May Back Mental Health Coverage

The White House is in serious discussions over legislation long opposed by many Republicans to guarantee that insurance for mental health disorders is as comprehensive as that offered for other illnesses.

Anticonvulsant Drugs Found To Impact On Epileptic Children's Ability To Recall Information

Epilepsy and its treatment have proven to impair cognitive and behavioral functions. The impact on the former by epilepsy associated seizures, brain damage, and use of anticonvulsant drugs can result in memory deficits, attention problems, and reading and writing difficulties. About two million Americans have epilepsy; of the 125,000 new cases that develop each year, up to 50 percent are in children and adolescents, the time when learning capabilities are developed.
Source: American Physiological Society,

Research Yields New Insights Into Molecular Control Of Addiction

In research employing fruit flies, scientists at the University of Arizona have provided new insights into how molecules may control addiction, memory formation, and brain plasticity. Their research has provided the first evidence that the molecule AP1, which helps to regulate changes in the manufacture of certain proteins in brain cells, also is required for long-term changes in the function of synapses (the connections between brain cells).

Newborn Mice Deprived Of Serotonin Experience Adult Anxiety

New research suggests that serotonin, an all-purpose neurotransmitter already known to play a vital role in many behaviors and emotions, appears to be implicated in regulating anxiety as well.

New Study Says People Take Mental Stress To Heart

Mental stress can trigger a lack of blood flow to the heart and increase the risk of death in people with coronary artery disease, researchers report in rapid access.
Source: Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association

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